: . - , . :

 
 

- .

. I , - , , - -. , - . , , , . , , , , , .

   .

1

Elizabeths Address to Parliament, 12 November 1586, .: Leah S. Marcus, Janel Mueller and Mary Beth Rose (comp.), Elizabeth I, Collected Works (London, 2002), 194.

2

Sir John Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown, AD 1602 (London, 1880), 4041.

3

BL Cotton MS Caligula B 10, l. 350v.

4

Janet Arnold, The Picture of Elizabeth I When Princess, .: The Burlington Magazine, 113, 938 (1981), 303304.

5

Maria Perry, Elizabeth I, The Word of a Prince: A Life from Contemporary Documents (London, 1990), 3135. .: David Starkey, Elizabeth: Apprenticeship (London, 2001), 4149.

6

A Chronicle during the Reigns of the Tudors from 14851559 by Charles Wriothesley, Windsor Herald, ed. W. D. Hamilton, in 2 vol., Camden Society 11, 20, in 2 vol. (London, 187577), . I, 182.

7

. (. .)

8

Samuel Haynes, A Collection of State Papers. Left by William Cecil Lord Burghley and Now Remaining at Hatfield House (London, 1740), 99.

9

Ibid.

10

Ibid.

11

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 96; Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 1718.

12

J. Stevenson (comp.), The Life of Jane Dormer, Duchess of Feria by Henry Clifford (London, 1887), 8687.

13

1550 .; , .

14

APC (15471550), 236238. .: G. W. Bernard, The Downfall of Sir Thomas Seymour . The Tudor Nobility (Manchester, 1992), 212240.

15

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 8990.

16

TNA SP 10/6, l. 57.

17

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 96.

18

Ibid., 99101.

19

Ibid., 102.

20

CSP Dom, 15471553, 82; APC (15471550), 240.

21

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 70.

22

Ibid., 107.

23

Ibid., 108109.

24

BL Lansdowne MS 1236, l. 35; Henry Ellis (comp.), Original Letters Illustrative of English History, in 11 vol. (London, 18241846), is. 3, II, 153155.

25

.: Sheila Cavanagh, The Bad Seed: Princess Elizabeth and the Seymour Incident//Julia M. Walker (comp.), Dissing Elizabeth: Negative Representations of Gloriana (London, 1998), 929. . : Janel Mueller, Elizabeth Tudor. Maidenhood in Crisis // Elizabeth I and the Sovereign Arts, Essays in Literature, History and Culture, Donald Stump, Linda Shenk (comp.) (Arizona, 2011), 1528.

26

Marc Shell, Elizabeths Glass (Lincoln, Nebraska, 1993). .: J. Dewhurst, The Alleged Miscarriages of Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn, Medical History, 28 (1984), 4956.

27

J. L. Vives, De Institutione Feminae Christianae, C. Fantazzi and C. Matheeussen (comp.), in 2 vol. (Leiden, 1996), 63, 65, 71.

28

Ibid., 4041.

29

Ibid., 41, 5153.

30

.: Frank A. Mumby, The Girlhood of Queen Elizabeth: A Narrative in Contemporary Letters (London, 1909), 6972.

31

.: Vincent Joseph Nardizzi, Stephen Guy-Bray, Will Stockton (comp.), Queer Renaissance Historiography, Backward Gaze (Farnham, 2009). , , , , - . .: A. Bray, The Friend (Chicago, 2003). , .

32

.: Judith M. Richards, To Promote a Woman to Beare Rule: Talking of Queens in Mid-Tudor England, The Sixteenth-Century Journal, 28. 1 (1997), 101121; Constance Jordan, Womens Rule in Sixteenth-Century British Political Thought, Renaissance Quarterly, 40 (1987), 421451; Paula Louise Scalingi, The Scepter or the Distaff: The Question of Female Sovereignty, 15151607, The Historian, 42 (November, 1978), 5975. . : Margaret R. Somerville, Sex and Subjection: Attitudes to Women in Early Modern Society (London, 1995), Jacqueline Eales, Women in Early Modern England: 15001700 (London, 1998); P. Crawford, Sexual Knowledge in England, 15001700// R. Porter and M. Teich (comp.), Sexual Knowledge, Sexual Science: The History of Attitudes to Sexuality (Cambridge, 1994), 92106. . : Lawrence Stone, The Family, Sex and Marriage in England, 15001800 (New York, 1977).

33

., .: LP, 1536, 4754. , V, , . 51.

34

(1544). VIII , 1536 ., . , VIII . , . . , , , . .: Mortimer Levine, Tudo Dynastic Problems, 14601571 (London, 1973) The Early Elizabethan Succession Question, 15581568 (Stamford, 1996).

35

A. N. McLaren, The Quest for a King: Gender, Marriage and Succession in Elizabethan England, Journal of British Studies, 41 (July, 2002), 259290.

36

Susan Dunn-Hensley, Whore Queens: The Sexualised Female Body and the State//Carole Levin, Jo Eldridge Carney and Debra Barrett-Graves (comp.), High and Mighty Queens of Early Modern England: Realities and Representations (Basingstoke, 2003), 101116.

37

William Allen, An Admonition to the Nobility and People of England and Ireland (Antwerp, 1558), xviii.

38

Francis Osborne, Historical Memoires on the Reigns of Queen Elizabeth and King James (London, 1658), 61.

39

BL Cotton MS Galba C IX, l. 128.

40

Edmund Bohun, The Character of Queen Elizabeth; or a full and clear account of her policies (London, 1693), 73. , , , , , , .

41

Stevenson (comp.), Life of Jane Dormer, 69.

42

BL Harleian MS 6949 .

43

CSP Span, 15541558, 438.

44

Stevenson (comp.), Life of Jane Dormer, 72; CSP Span, 15541558, 438.

45

J. G. Nichols (comp.), The Diary of Henry Machyn, Citizen, and Merchant Taylor of London, 15501563, Camden Society, 43 (London, 1848), 178.

46

R. Naunton, Fragmenta Regalia, or Observations on the Late Queen Elizabeth, her Times and Favourites, 1641, ed. E. Arber (London, 1879), 15.

47

TNA SP 12/1/1, l. 12.

48

Marie Axton, The Queens Two Bodies: Drama and the Elizabethan Succession (London, 1977), 12; . : Ernst Kantorowicz, The Kings Two Bodies (Princeton, 1957) Albert Rolls, The theory of the Kings Two Bodies in the Age of Shakespeare, Studies in Renaissance Literature, 19 (Lewiston, Queenston and Lampeter, 2000). 1561 . : . .: Edmund Plowden, The Treatise of the Two Bodies of the King, BL Cotton MS Caligula B IV, l. 194. . : Marie Axton, The Influence of Edmund Plowdens Succession Treatise, Huntington Library Quarterly 37 (3) (1974), 209226.

49

TNA SP 12/1, l. 3 v.

50

CSP Span, 15581567, 7.

51

TNA SP 70/5, l. 31r v; William Murdin, A Collection of State Papers Relating to Affairs in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth left by Lord Burghley, from the year 1571 to 1596 (London, 1759), 748749.

52

CSP Span, 15581567, 45.

53

Ibid.

54

Ibid, 122.

55

HMC Salisbury, I, 158.

56

TNA PC 2/8, l. 198; APC, 15581570, 67; John Strype, Annals of the Reformation in 4 vol. (Oxford, 18201840), I, 7.

57

APC, 15581570, 22; , , , , , . APC, 15581570, 22; CSP Span, 15581567, 1718.

58

Francis Coxe, A Short Treatise Declaring the Detestable Wickednesse of Magicall Sciences as Necromancie, Coniurations of Spirites, Curiouse Astrologie and Such Lyke (London, 1561, . A4v A5v).

59

The Diary of Henry Machyn, 185. ., .: William Fulke, Antiprognosticon, that is to saye, an invective against the vayne and unprofitable predictions of the astrologians as Nostradame etc (London, december 1560), sig. A8r v. . : V. Larkey, Astrology and Politics in the First Years of Elizabeths Reign, Bulletin of the History of Medicine, III (1935), 171178.

60

The Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, .: T. Hearne (comp.), Joannis, confratis & monachi Glastoniensis, chronica sive historia de rebus Glastoniensibus, in 2 vol. (Oxford, 1726), II, 509, 521.

61

. .: Richard Mulcaster, The passage of our most drad Soveraigne Lady Quene Elyzabeth through the citie of London to Westminster the daye before her coronacion (London, 1558).

62

1 Elis, 1 in Statutes IV, 358359.

63

.: W. P. Haugaard, Elizabeth Tudors Book of Devotions: A neglected clue to the Queens life and character, The Sixteenth-Century Journal 12:2 (1981), 79106, . 93.

64

J. E. Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, 15841601, in 3 vol. (London, 1957), I, 128.

65

CSP Ven, 15581580, 2223.

66

1 Eliz, in1, The Act of Supremacy; p. 2, The Act of Uniformity, .: Statutes IV, 355358.

67

CSP Ven, 15581580, 12.

68

J. R. Planche, Regal Records, or a Chronicle of the Coronations of the Queen Regnants of England (London, 1838), 35.

69

.: Mary Hill Cole, The Portable Queen: Elizabeth I and the Politics of Ceremony (Amherst, 1999); Julian Munby, Queen Elizabeths Coaches: The Wardrobe on Wheels, Antiquaries Journal, 83 (2003), 311367.

70

TNA SP 12/6/36, l. 78.

71

Pam Wright, A change in direction: the ramifications of a female household, 15581603, .: Starkey et al. (comp.), The English Court: from the Wars of the Roses to the Civil War (London, 1987), 147172; C. Merton, The Women Who Served Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth: Ladies, Gentlewomen and Maids of the Privy Chamber, 15531603 ( , Cambridge, 1992). . : K. Bundesen, Circling the crown: political power and female agency in sixteenth-century England, .: J. Jordan (comp.)., Desperate Housewives: Politics, Propriety and Pornography, Three Centuries of Women in England (Cambridge, 2009), 328, William Tighe, Familia Reginae: The Privy Court, .: Susan Doran and Norman Jones (comp.), The Elizabethan World (Oxford, 2011), 7691.

72

TNA LC 2/4/3, l. 62r.

73

TNA LC 2/4/3, l. 53v 54r. ; , .

74

.: A. Hoskins, Mary Boleyns Carey Children and off spring of Henry VIII, Genealogists Magazine, 25 (1997), 345352.

75

.: N. M. Sutherland, The Marian Exiles and the Establishment of the Elizabethan Regime, Archive for Reformation History 78 (1987), 253284; G. Peck, John Hales and the Puritans during the Marian Exile, Church History, 10 (1941), 159177, . 174.

76

BL Lansdowne MS 94, l. 21, .: G. B. Harrison, The Letters of Queen Elizabeth (London, 1935), 19.

77

BL Lansdowne MS 2, l. 193. .

78

.: S. Varlow, Sir Francis Knollys Latin dictionary: new evidence for Katherine Carey, BIHR, 80 (2007), 315323.

79

, TNA LC 2/4/3, l. 53v; , -. -, , , .

80

1596 . , . , 1572 1591 . , , . , . .: A. F. Collins (comp.), Jewels and Plate of Queen Elizabeth I: The Inventory of 1574 (London, 1955), 210.

81

.: J. Graves, A Brief Memoir of the Lady Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Known as the Fair Geraldine (Dublin, 1874).

82

I .

83

.: C. H. Garrett, The Marian Exiles: a Study in the Origins of Elizabethan Puritanism (Cambridge, 1938); G. Peck, John Hales and the Puritans during the Marian Exile, 159177.

84

BL Lansdowne MS 59, 22, l. 43; TNA LC 2/4/4, l. 45v 46.

85

J. G. Nichols (comp.), The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth, in 3 vol. (London, 1823), I, 38; TNA LC 2/4/3 I.

86

.: CSP Dom, 15471580, 648.

87

BL Additional [ Add.] MS 48161, Robert Beale, A Treatise of the Office of Principall Secretarie, . : C. Read, Mr Secretary Walsingham and the Policy of Queen Elizabeth, in 3 vol. (Cambridge, Mass, 1925), I, 423443.

88

BL Add. MS 35185, l. 23v.

89

Simon Surley, Whitehall Palace: an Architectural History of the Royal Apartments 12401698 (New Haven and London, 1999), 6574. , . , , . , 1584 1585, (Journey through England and Scotland made by Lupold von Wedel in the Years 1584 and 1585, TRHS, new series, . 9 (London, 1895), 223270, . 234237; The Diary of Baron Waldstein: A Traveller in Elizabethan England, transl. by ed. G. W. Groos (London, 1981), 4359; Diary of the Journey of Philip Julius Duke of Stettin-Pomerania, through England in the year 1602, TRHS, n.s., . 6 (London, 1892), 167, . 2325; Thomas Platters Travels in England, 1599. Clare Williams (, London, 1937), 163166.

90

Diary of the Journey of the Duke of Stettin-Pomerania, 25; Journey of von Wedel, 325.

91

HMC Bath, IV, 186.

92

, , , , . .: John Norden, Speculum Brittanie: Description of Middlesex and Hertfordshire (London, 1723).

93

John Harington, Nugae Antiquae, ed. Henry Harington, in 3 vol. (London, 1779), II, 135.

94

R. R. Tighe and J. C. Davis, Annals of Windsor, in 2 vol. (London, 1858), I, 641.

95

.: N. Williams, Powder and Paint: a History of the Englishwomans Toilet (London, 1957), 14.

96

.: Sir Hugh Platt, Delight for Ladies (London, 1594).

97

., , , New Years Gift Roll 1579, .: Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 260.

98

.: Thomas Cogan, The Haven of Health: Chiefly Made for the Comfort of Students and Consquently all Those That Have a Care of Their Health (London, 1565). . : William Vaughan, Fifteen Directions to Preserve Health (London, 1602). , , , , . , . . , : , , , .

99

Platt, Delight for Ladies; G. Hartmann, The True Preserver (London, 1682).

100

Williams, Powder and Paint, 2728.

101

The Queens Closet Opened (London, 1696), 239.

102

1578 . . New Year Gift roll, 1578. Society of Antiquaries MS 537 printed in Nichols, Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 72.

103

.: Thomas Tomkis, Lingua, or The Combat of the Tongues (London, 1607).

104

, , 1587 ., , . .: Ninya Mikhaila, Jane Malcolm-Davies, The Tudor Tailor: Reconstructing 16th-century dress (London, 2006), 24, C. Willett and Phillis Cunnington, The History of Underclothes (London, 1951), 48.

105

BL Egerton MS 2806, l. 210.

106

.: Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, xlii.

107

TNA LC 5/33, l. 15; Janet Arnold, Sweet Englands Jewels, .: Anna Somers Cocks (comp.), Princely Magnificence: Court Jewels of the Renaissance 15001630 (London, 1980), 3140.

108

TNA LC 5/33, l. 194. , 10 1566/7 .

109

TNA LC 5/33, l. 144; TNA LC 5/34, l. 81, 169, 308.

110

TNA LC 5/37, l. 73.

111

John Clapham, Elizabeth of England, ed. Evelyn Plummer Read Conyers Read (Philadelphia, 1951), 89.

112

Paul Hentzners Travels in England during the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, transl. Richard Bentley, by ed. Horace Walpole (London, 1797), 3637; Thomas Platters Travels in England, 1599, 193195.

113

John Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 89.

114

.: Janet Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardrobe Unlockd (Leeds, 1988), 139140.

115

., .: BL Stowe inventory, l. 31/35 Folger Inventory, l. 6 [21], .: Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardrobe Unlockd, 263, 340.

116

W. Bailey, A Briefe Treatise Touching the Preservation of the Eie-sight (London, 1626), 9. . : L. G. H. Horton Smith, Dr Walter Bailey 15291592: Physician to Queen Elizabeth (St Albans, 1952); William Bullein, Bulwarke of defence againste all Sicknes, Sornes and Woundes (London, 1562). . : A newe boke of phisicke (London, 1599). Andrew Boorde, A Compendious Regiment or a Dyetary of healthe made in Mountpyllier (London, 1542) . .: K. H. Dannenfeldt, Sleep: Theory and Practice in the Late Renaissance, The Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 41 (1986), 415441.

117

., .: Cogan, The Haven of Health, 231239. . : A. R. Ekirch, Sleep We Have Lost: Pre-industrial Slumber in the British Isles, .: The American Historical Review (2001), 343386, . 352.

118

Andrew Boorde, A Compendious Regiment, l. ci, v.

119

BL Harleian MS 6850, l. 91.

120

CSP Span, 15581567, 18, 38.

121

R. A. Vertot, C. Villaret, Ambassades de Messieurs de Noailles en Angleterre, in 5 vol. (Leyden, 1763), III, 8687.

122

.: BL Harleian MS 6986, 12, F. Chamberlin, The Private Character of Queen Elizabeth (London, 1922), 4149.

123

22 june 1554, Dr Owen to Bedingfeld papers cited in Chamberlin, Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 47.

124

.: P. Crawford, Attitudes to Menstruation in Seventeenth-Century England, Past and Present, 91 (1981), 4773.

125

.: Sara Mendleson, Patricia Crawford, Women in Early Modern England 15501720 (Oxford, 1998), 2025.

126

William Camden, Annales: The True and Royall History of the famous Empresse Elizabeth (London, 1625), 9.

127

. : Elizabeth Jenkins, Elizabeth the Great (London, 1958), 77.

128

CSP Span, 15581567, 63.

129

CSP Ven, 15581580, 105; R. Bakan, Queen Elizabeth I: a case of testicular feminisation?, Medical Hypotheses, July 17.3 (1985), 277284.

130

Chamberlin, Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 67.

131

J.M. B. C. Kervyn de Lettenhove, Relations Politiques des Pays-Bas et de LAngleterre sous le Regne de Philippe II (Brussels, 18821890), I, 295, .: CSP Span, 15581567, 3.

132

Victor Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth and Some Foreigners (London, 1928), 94.

133

William Camden, Annales, 26.

134

T. E. Hartley (comp.), Proceedings in the Parliaments of the Reign of Elizabeth I, in 3 vol. (Leicester, 1981), I, 4445.

135

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, I, 398401, .: CSP Span, 15581567, 2223.

136

. : C. Martin and G. Parker, The Spanish Armada (London, 1988), 281.

137

CSP Span, 15581567, 35, 40.

138

BL Add. MS 48047, l. 97135, .: J. Strype, The Life of the Learned Sir Thomas Smith, (Oxford, 1820), 184259.

139

.: Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 52, 5354, 57, 88, 113.

140

CSP Span, 15581567, 6478.

141

S. Adams, M. J. Rodriguez-Salgado, The Count of Ferias Dispatch to Philip II of 14 November 1558, Camden Miscellany, 28, Camden Society, is. 4, . 29 (London, 1984), 331. Arundel . BL Royal MS 17 A 19, The Life of Henrye Fitzallen, by ed. J. G. Nichols, Gentlemans Magazine, 103 (1833), 11, 118, 210, 490. 1580 ., .

142

CSP Span, 15581567, 19.

143

AGS E 8340/233, l. 20v. Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, I, 273, 279, 566.

144

. .: M. M. Reese, The Royal Office of the Master of the Horse (London, 1976).

145

Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Fonds Français MS 15970, l. 14.

146

W. K. Jordan (comp.), Chronicle of Edward VI (London, 1966), 3233.

147

BL Cotton Caligula MS E V, l. 56r; TNA SP 12/1/5.

148

John Bruce, Correspondence of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leycester: during his Government of the Low Countries, in the years 1585 and 1586 (London, 1844), 176.

149

CSP Span, 15581567, 5758.

150

CSP Ven, 15581580, 80.

151

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 6771; CSP Span, 15581567, 7071. .: S. Doran, Religion and Politics at the Court of Elizabeth I: The Habsburg Marriage Negotiations of 15591567, The English Historical Review 104 (1989), 908926.

152

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 78.

153

Ibid., 99.

154

Inquiries to be made by Mundt, 2 june 1559 ., CSP Foreign, 15581559, 298, 299300.

155

CSP Span, 15581567, 9596.

156

Coleccion de Documentos Ineditos para la Historia de Espana, ed. M. F. Navarete (Madrid, 18421895), xcviii, 89.

157

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 115.

158

Ibid., 113115.

159

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 95.

160

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 113115.

161

Ibid., 120.

162

Ibid., 120121.

163

.

164

TNA SP 31/3/24, l. 111r.

165

TNA SP 12/6/23, l. 39r.

166

CSP Span, 15581567, 77.

167

.: Michael G. Brennan, Noel J. Kinnamon and Margaret P. Hannay, Robert Sidney, the Dudleys and Queen Elizabeth, .: Carole Levin, Jo Eldridge Carney and Debra Barrett-Graves, eds, Elizabeth I: Always Her Own Free Woman (Aldershot, 2003), 2042.

168

.: TNA LC 2/3/4, l. 53r; TNA LC 2/3/4/104.

169

CSP Span, 15581567, 9596; BL Add. MS 48023, l. 352; TNA SP 12/1/1, l. 5.

170

CSP Span, 15581567, 9596.

171

Ibid., 96.

172

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, II, 910, 13, 1922, 2829; AGS E 812, l. 105; CSP Span, 15581567, 9596; Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 123126.

173

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 125.

174

CSP Span, 15581567, 104.

175

Ibid.

176

Ibid., 101102.

177

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 125.

178

CSP Span, 15581567, 111.

179

Ibid., 104, 105.

180

Ibid., 114; Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 161.

181

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 161.

182

, -, . Ibid., 475.

183

CSP Span, 15581567, 115.

184

Household Accounts and Disbursement Books of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, 15581561,15841586, ed. S. Adams, Camden Society, is. 5, . 6 (Cambridge, 1995), 151.

185

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 157.

186

CSP Span, 15581567, 119.

187

An anonymous mid-Tudor chronicle, BL Add. MS 48023, l. 352. Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, II, 123124.

188

P. Forbes (comp.), A Full View of the Public Transactions in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth (London, 1740), 152.

189

CP 152/94, .: Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 233; . Malcolm R. Thorp, Catholic Conspiracy in Early Elizabethan Foreign Policy, The Sixteenth-Century Journal, . 15, 4 (1984), 431448.

190

BL Cotton MS Caligula B X, l. 89r 92, . : P. Forbes (comp.), Public Transactions, 391.

191

CSP Foreign, 15591560, 581582.

192

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, I, 368.

193

C. C. Jones, Court Fragments, in 2 vol. (London, 1828), II, 43.

194

CSP Span, 15581567, 7576, 83. .: Stephen Alford, The Early Elizabethan Polity: William Cecil and the British Succession Crisis, 15581569 (Cambridge, 1998), 5355; Jane E. A. Dawson, William Cecil and the British Dimension of Early Elizabethan Foreign Policy, History, 74 (1989),196216.

195

BL Cotton MS Titus B II, l. 419r; CSP Span, 15581567, 133.

196

CP 152/127, . : HMC Salisbury, I, 257.

197

TNA SP 12/13, l. 21.

198

TNA SP 12/12/51, l. 107.

199

CSP Span, 15581567, 174.

200

L. Howard (comp.), A Collection of Letters: from the original manuscripts of many princes, great personages and statesmen (London, 1753), 210211; S. Adams (comp.), Household Accounts of Robert Dudley, 141142; TNA SP 70/19, l. 360.

201

The Registers of Christenings, Marriages and Burials in the parish of Allhallows, London Wall, Within the City of London, from the year of our Lord 1559 to 1675, ed. Basil Jupp Robert Hovenden (London, 1878), 5.

202

.: D. H. Craig, Sir John Harington (Boston, 1985); Jason Scott Warren, Sir John Harington and the Book As Gift (Oxford, 2001); Ian Grimble, The Harington Family (London, 1957), 116117.

203

.: Henry Harington, Nugae Autiquae: being a miscellaneous collection of papers, written during the reign of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Queen Mary, Elizabeth and King James by Sir John Harington, in 2 vol. (London, 1804), II, 178.

204

John Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown, 4041.

205

Thomas Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth I and her Times: A Series of Original Letters, in 2 vol. (London, 1838), I, 3032.

206

AGS E 814, l. 24, : CSP Span, 15581567, 174176, .: Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, II, 529533.

207

CSP Span, 15581567, 175.

208

CSP Foreign, 15601561, 385.

209

CSP Span, 15581567, 175.

210

AGS E 14, l. 24, .: Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, II, 529533 : CSP Span, 15581567, 174176.

211

.: Chris Skidmore, Death and the Virgin. Elizabeth, Dudley and the Mysterious Fate of Amy Robsart (London, 2010).

212

.: CSP Span, 15581567, 176.

213

TNA SP 70/22, l. 43; TNA SP 70/19, l. 39r.

214

BL Add. MS 48023, .: A Journal of Matters of State Happened from Time to Time as Well Within and Without the Realme from and Before the Death of King Edw. the 6th Untill the Yere 1562// Ian W. Archer, Simon Adams, G. W. Bernard, Paul E. J. Hammer, Mark Greengrass and Fiona Kisby (comp.), Religion, Politics and Society in Sixteenth Century England (Cambridge, 2003), 35112.

215

BL Add. MS 48023, l. 353v; A Journal of Matters of State.

216

TNA SP 63/2, l. 82r.

217

.: William Vaughan, Naturall and Artificial Directions for Health (London, 1626), 64.

218

.: T. Laquer, Orgasm, Generation and the Politics of Reproductive Biology, Representations, 14 (1986), 141. .: P. Crawford, Sexual Knowledge in England, 15001750, .: Roy Porter and M. Teich (comp.), Sexual Knowledge, Sexual Science: The History of Attitudes to Sexuality (Cambridge, 1994), 91. .: Ian Maclean, The Renaissance Notion of Woman (Cambridge, 1980). . : Peter Stallybrass, Patriarchal Territories: The Body Enclosed//Margaret Ferguson, Maureen Quilligan, Nancy Vickers (comp.), Rewriting the Renaissance: The Discourses of Sexual Difference in Early Modern Europe (Chicago, 1986), 123142.

219

.: Cogan, The Haven of Health, 247248.

220

F. Chamberlin, Elizabeth and Leycester (New York, 1939), 93.

221

Philip Yorke, Earl of Hardwicke (comp.), Miscellaneous State Papers, from 1501 to 1726, in 2 vol. (London, 1778), I, 121123.

222

.: David Gaimster, Londons Tudor Palaces Revisited, London Archaeologist, 8, 5 (1997), 122126.

223

BL Add. MS 35830, l. 66, .: P. Forbes, Public Transactions, 482488.

224

Hardwicke (comp.), Miscellaneous State Papers, . I, 167; BL Add. MS 35830, l. 66.

225

TNA SP 70/21, l. 137v; CSP Foreign, 15601561, 450.

226

BL Cotton MS Nero B III, l. 155r; CSP Foreign, 15601561, 450.

227

CSP Foreign, 15601561, 509510.

228

CSP Foreign, 15611562, 244, 303304, 309, 311, 329, 344, 356, 361.

229

CSP Span, 15581567, 313.

230

CP 154/85, .: Haynes, Burghley State Papers, I, 420.

231

CSP Span, 15581567, 17880; . : Coleccion de Documentos, . 87, 312316.

232

.: Kenneth Bartlett, Papal Policy and the English Crown 15631565: The Bertano Correspondence, The Sixteenth Century Journal 23 (1992), 643659.

233

CSP Span, 15581567, 178179.

234

Ibid., 194.

235

An anonymous mid-Tudor chronicle; BL Add. MS 48023, l. 353.

236

TNA SP 12/16, l. 4950, 5968.

237

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, II, 557. Norman L. Jones, Defining Superstitions: Treasonous Catholics and the Act against Witchcraft of 1563, .: Charles Carlton et al. (comp.), State, Sovereigns and Society in Early Modern England: Essays in Honour of A. J. Slavin (New York, 1998), 187203.

238

CSP Dom Addenda, 15471565, 509510.

239

TNA SP 70/26, l. 6163.

240

CSP Foreign, 15611562, 9395, 103105.

241

AGS E 815, l. 86; .: CSP Span, 15581567, 208209.

242

CSP Foreign, 15611562, 418419.

243

CSP Foreign, 15601561, 10.

244

W. L. Rutton, Lady Katherine Grey and Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, English Historical Review, . 13 (april 1898), 302307. . : Leanda de Lisle, The Sisters who would be Queen: The Tragedy of Mary, Katherine and Lady Jane Grey (London, 2008).

245

BL Add. MS 37749, l. 5059; BL Add. MS 14291, l. 157.

246

BL Harleian MS 6286, l. 35, 53, 70, 77, 81, 89; BL Add. MS 37749, l. 40, 57, 73, 76.

247

BL Add. MS 37749, l. 59.

248

BL Harleian MS 6286, l. 37.

249

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, . II, 608; Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 6869.

250

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, I, 369370.

251

CSP Span, 15581567, 214.

252

, , , . S. Adams, The Lauderdale Papers 15611570: the Maitland of Lethington State Papers and the Leicester Correspondence, Scottish Historical Review 67 (1988), 2855.

253

CSP Scot, 15471563, 559.

254

Ibid., 566.

255

CSP Span, 15581567, 214.

256

.: S. Adams, The Lauderdale Papers 15611570, 2855.

257

J. H. Pollen (comp.) Lethingtons Account of Negotiations with Elizabeth in September and October 1565, Scottish History Society, . 43 (1904), 3845.

258

Pollen (comp.), Lethingtons Account of Negotiations with Elizabeth, 39.

259

CSP Scot, 15471563, 559.

260

Diary of Henry Machyn, 267268.

261

, , .: TNA SP 12/21/767.

262

CSP Foreign, 15611562, 330.

263

Ibid., 360361.

264

CSP Span, 15581567, 220.

265

Ibid.

266

Greg Walker, The Politics of Performance in Early Renaissance Drama (New York, 1998), 203.

267

.: Thomas Norton, Thomas Sackville, Gorboduc or The Tragedy of Ferrex and Porrex (Menston, 1968); Nichols (comp.), The Diary of Henry Machyn, 275; .: N. Jones and P. W. White, Gorboduc and Royal Marriages//English Literary Renaissance, . 26 (1971), 316. . : Henry James, Greg Walker, The Politics of Gorboduc, The English Historical Review 110 (february 1995), 109121.

268

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 368.

269

CSP Foreign, 15611562, 122, 129.

270

Anglia Legaten N. Gyldenstenstiernas Bref. Till Kongl. Maj. 15611562, 18, . : Chamberlin, Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 264.

271

BL Add. MS 48018, l. 284v; BL Add. MS 35830, l. 14v; Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 3, 7072; CSP Foreign, 15611562, 159, 293, 300, 327; CSP Span, 15581567, 211215.

272

TNA SP 70/32, l. 62; TNA SP 70/33, l. 7v; BL Add. MS 48023, l. 357v 358; BL Add. MS 48018, l. 284v; BL Add. MS 35830, l. 14v; CSP Foreign, 15611562, 158191, 292293; CSP Span, 15581567, 211212, 212215.

273

BL Add. MS 48023, l. 258.

274

Ibid., l. 359v.

275

A. Teulet, Relations Politiques de la France et de lEspagne avec lEcosse au XVIie Siecle, in 3 vol. (Paris, 1862), ii, 175176; AGS 815, l. 132, .: CSP Span, 15581567, 233.

276

TNA SP 7027, l. 66; CSP Foreign, 15611562, 424.

277

CSP Span, 15581567, 225.

278

AGS E 815, l. 160, 222, .: CSP Span, 15581567, 241.

279

CSP Foreign, 1562, 68, 83; . : CSP Span, 15581567, 244.

280

CSP Foreign, 1562, 6869.

281

CSP Span, 15581567, 244.

282

AGS E 815, l. 183, 218, 224, .: CSP Span, 15581567, 234, 241242, 244245, 247249.

283

CSP Span, 15581567, 111115.

284

CSP Rome, 15581571, 105.

285

TNA SP 70/39, l. 119; CSP Foreign, 1562, 173; CSP Span, 15581567, 217224.

286

TNA SP 70/39, l. 118r 119, 175176; BL Add MS 48023, l. 366r; CSP Foreign, 1562, 216217.

287

CSP Foreign, 1562, 214217.

288

APC, 15581570, 123; Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, III, 108. : TNA SP 70/40, l. 6288, 124.

289

CSP Rome, 15581571, 105.

290

.: Simon Surley, Hampton Court, A Social and Architectural History (London, 2003).

291

Diary of the Journey of the Duke of Stettin-Pomerania, 167; Paul Hentzners Travels in England, 5657.

292

The Diary of Baron Waldstein, 152.

293

CSP Scot, 15471563, 659660.

294

F. E. Halliday, Queen Elizabeth I and Doctor Burcot, History Today, 5 (1955), 542545.

295

The regiment of life: wherunto is added a treatise of the pestilence, with the boke of children / newly corrected and enlarged by T. Phayre, ed. and transl. by Jehan Goeurot (London, 1550).

296

CSP Span, 15581567, 262.

297

Ibid.

298

Ibid., 263.

299

CSP Span, 15581567, 263.

300

Ibid., 262.

301

, Rosa Anglica, XIV . , , [ II], . , . . John of Gaddesden, Rosa Anglica, Winifred Wulff (col. and transl) (London, 1929).

302

Chamberlin, The Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 52.

303

TNA SP 12/159, l. 1, .: Sir Henry Sidneys Memoir to Sir Francis Walsingham, 1 March 1583, Ulster Journal of Archaeology, 3 (1855), 3352.

304

.: M. Brennan, The Sidneys of Penshurst and the Monarchy, 15001700 (Aldershot, 2006).

305

. : Simon Adams, Queen Elizabeths eyes at Court: the Earl of Leicester//Leicester and the Court: Essays on Elizabethan Politics (Manchester, 2002), 137.

306

.: Halliday, Queen Elizabeth I and Doctor Burcot, 545.

307

BL Harleian MS 787, l. 16.

308

Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 139141.

309

.: Edward Hawkins, Augustus W. Franks, Herbert A. Grueber, Medallic Illustrations of the History of Great Britain and Ireland to the death of George II, in 2 vol. (London, 1885), I, 116, 48. 1572 . 1562 ., , . .: Susan Doran (comp.), Elizabeth: The Exhibition at the National Maritime Museum (London, 2003), 85; W. K. Clay (comp.), Liturgies and Occasional Forms of Prayer set forth in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth (Cambridge, 1847), 516518.

310

CSP Span, 15581567, 262263; F. Chamberlin, The Sayings of Elizabeth (New York, 1923), 52, 54.

311

TNA C 47/3/38.

312

P. Croft and K. Hearn, Only Matrimony maketh children to be certain Two Elizabethan pregnancy portraits, British Art Journal, 3 (2002), 1824.

313

TNA C 47/3/38.

314

.: E. K. Chambers, The Elizabethan Stage, in 4 vol. (Oxford, 1923), . I, 19.

315

Janet Arnold, Lost from Her Majesties Back, Costume Society Extra Series 7 (Wisbech, 1980), 36; John Stowe, Three fifteenth-century chronicles: with historical memoranda by John Stowe, the antiquary, and contemporary notes of occurrences written by him in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, ed. James Gairdner, Camden Society, is 3 (London, 1880), 123125.

316

Stowe, Three fifteenth-century chronicles, 127.

317

BL Add. MS 48023, l. 369.

318

Stowe, Three fifteenth-century chronicles, 123125.

319

1561 . . , , .

320

IV, . . , . TNA KB 8/40; CSP Span, 15581562, 262.

321

Special oyer and terminal roll and file Principal Defendants and Charges: Arthur Pole and others, high treason, conspiring to depose the Queen and to proclaim Mary Queen of Scots, TNA KB 8/40, BL Hardwicke papers 35831, l. 87.

322

F. Chamberlin, The Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 51; Kristen Post Walton, The Plot of the Devouring Lions: The Divelish Conspiracy of Arthur Pole and the Parliament of 1563 ( ); TNA KB 8/40; CSP Span, 15581562, 292293.

323

CSP Foreign, 1563, 32.

324

F. Chamberlin, The Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 51; TNA KB 8/40; CSP Span, 15581567, 259260.

325

TNA KB 8/40.

326

J. H. M. Salmon, Society in Crisis: France in the Sixteenth Century (New York, 1975); Nicola M. Sutherland, The Massacre of St Bartholomew and the European Conflict, 15591572 (London, 1973); Nicola M. Sutherland, The Huguenot Struggle for Recognition (New Haven, Conn., 1980).

327

W. T. MacCaffrey, The Newhaven expedition, 15621563, Historical Journal, 40 (1997)? 12.

328

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 127.

329

AGS E 816, l. 43, .: CSP Span, 15581567, 269.

330

BL Cotton MS Titus F I, l. 59.

331

Ibid., l. 5960v, 6575v.

332

Ibid., l. 6164, .: G. E. Corrie (comp.), A Catechism by Alexander Nowell, Parker Society (Cambridge, 1853), 223229.

333

BL Harleian MS 5176, l. 8992; Hartley (comp.), Proceedings in the Parliaments, I, 84. .: J. E. Neale, Parliament and the Succession Question in 1562/3 and 1566, English Historical Review, january october (1921),497519, . : Mortimer Levine, A Letter on the Elizabethan Succession Question, 1566, The Huntington Library Quarterly, 19 (1995), 1338.

334

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 121.

335

TNA SP 12/28, l. 68r 69v; CSP Span, 15581567, 316317.

336

Nugae Antiquae, III, 186187.

337

TNA SP 12/27/35; Hartley (comp.), Proceedings in the Parliaments, I, 9093.

338

TNA SP 12/27/36; Hartley (comp.), Proceedings in the Parliaments, I, 9495.

339

TNA SP 12/27/85 . . : BL Add. MS 32379.

340

BL Add. MS 32379, l. 1720.

341

CSP Span, 15581567, 295298.

342

5 Eliz I, 1 in Statutes IV, 402405.

343

CSP Span, 15581567, 322; John Bruce, T. T. Perowne (comp.); Correspondence of Matthew Parker, Archbishop of Canterbury 15351575; Parker Society (Cambridge, 1853), 173175.

344

.: Kristen Post Walton, Catholic Queen, Protestant Patriarchy. Mary Queen of Scots and the Politics of Gender and Religion (Basingstoke, 2007), 51; Sir William Cecil to Sir Thomas Smith, 27 February 1563; .: Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 127; TNA KB 8/40; Kristen Post Walton, The Plot of the Devouring Lions.

345

5 Eliz I, 16 in Statutes IV, 446447.

346

5 Eliz I, 16 in Statutes IV, 445446.

347

Nichols (comp.), Diary of Henry Machyn, 300.

348

J. H. Baker (comp.), Reports from the Lost Notebooks of Sir James Dyer, in 2 vol. (London, 1994), I, 8182; BLO Tanner MS 84, l. 191, 196v.

349

CSP Rome, 15581571, 51; BL Add. MS 35830, l. 185; Levine, The Early Elizabethan Succession Question, 14; TNA SP 12/21, l. 7677.

350

CSP Scot, 15471563, 684.

351

CSP Span, 15581567, 314.

352

CSP Foreign, 1562, 154; CSP Scot, 15471563, 684686.

353

BL Harleian MS 5176, l. 97; Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, I, 126127.

354

CSP Foreign, 1563, 439, 443, 453, 473; BL Add. MS 35831, l. 145v 146; TNA SP 70/59/846, l. 48v.

355

Stowe, Three fifteenth-century chronicles, 122; Nichols (comp.), The Diary of Henry Machyn, 310.

356

CSP Span, 15581567, 346.

357

Stowe, Three fifteenth-century chronicles, 127.

358

CSP Scot, 15471563, 666.

359

BL Lansdowne MS 102, l. 18r; TNA SP 52/8, 3, 6, 7, 9, 10.

360

CSP Span, 15581567, 338.

361

BL Cotton MS Julius F VI, l. 125; . : CSP Foreign, 1563, 510.

362

CSP Scot, 15631569, 27, 3133.

363

CSP Span, 15581567, 313.

364

CSP Scot, 15631569, 5657, 1920.

365

Ibid., 4344, 5657.

366

Ibid., 44.

367

BL Cotton Ms Julius F VI, l. 126.

368

.: Kimberly Schutte, A Biography of Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (New York, 2002); Caroline Bingham, Darnley: a life of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Consort of Mary Queen of Scots (London, 1995).

369

CSP Foreign, 1562, 14, 23.

370

CSP Span, 15581567, 176; CSP Foreign, 1562, 1215; . : Simon Adams, The Release of Lord Darnley and the Failure of the Amity, .: Mary Stewart: Queen in Three Kingdoms, ed. Michael Lynch (Oxford, 1988), 123153.

371

CSP Foreign, 1563, 463464.

372

CSP Span, 15581567, 339.

373

G. Donaldson (comp.), The Memoirs of Sir James Melville of Halhill (London, 1969), 36.

374

. : Roy C. Strong, Holbein and Henry VIII (London, 1967), 35.

375

Memoirs of Melville, 36.

376

Diary of the Journey of the Duke of Stettin-Pomerania, 25; Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 320.

377

Memoirs of Melville, 37.

378

Ibid.

379

.: Garrett, The Marian Exiles: A study in the origins of Elizabethan Puritanism (Cambridge, 1938), 295296.

380

Andre Hurault, Sieur de Maisse, A Journal of All that was Accomplished by Monsieur de Maisse, Ambassador in England from King Henri IV to Queen Elizabeth Anno Domini 1597, ed. and comp. G. B. Harrison R. A. Jones (London, 1931), 95; Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 228, 296.

381

CSP Span, 15581567, 382.

382

Memoirs of Melville, 36.

383

CSP Span, 15581567, 313; Memoirs of Melville, 35.

384

BL Lansdowne MS 102, l. 107r 109r.

385

CSP Scot, 15631569, 81.

386

CSP Span, 15581567, 424.

387

Memoirs of Melville, 40.

388

Ibid., 42.

389

TNA SP 52/9 48.

390

CSP Span, 15581567, 401; Ian Dunlop, Palaces & Progresses of Elizabeth I (London, 1962).

391

CSP Span, 15581567, 398.

392

BL Lansdowne MS 102, l. 105r; Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 181.

393

CSP Scot, 15631569, 110.

394

Ibid., 111.

395

BL Lansdowne MS 102, l. 107r 109r.

396

.: Brennan, The Sidneys of Penshurst and the Monarchy, 43.

397

.: Leslie Gerard Matthews, The Royal Apothecaries (London, 1967), 71.

398

TNA LC 5/33, l. 15, 50, 51, 71, 91, 118.

399

Ibid., l. 71, 91.

400

Ibid., l. 15, 71, 108.

401

Ibid., l. 50.

402

Ibid., l. 51.

403

BL Egerton MS 2806, l. 74 v.

404

John Harington, Epigrams, I, 44.

405

TNA E 351/451, l. 38; TNA LC 5/33, l. 128.

406

CSP Span, 15581567, 401.

407

Stowe, Three fifteenth-century chronicles, 131132.

408

Memoirs of Melville, 42.

409

Ibid., 45.

410

CSP Foreign, 15641565, 331.

411

NLS Advocates MS 1.2.2.

412

BL Add. MS 19401, l. 101.

413

CSP Span, 15581567, 432.

414

TNA SP 56/1, l. 95r 101r.

415

TNA SP 52/10, l. 128r.

416

CSP Span, 15581567, 404; .: Susan Doran, Juno versus Diana: The Treatment of Elizabeth Is marriage in plays and entertainments, The Historical Journal, 28 (1995), 257274.

417

CSP Span, 15581567, 409410.

418

Ibid., 514.

419

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, ii, 55.

420

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 430; AGS E 653, l. 23; Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 203204.

421

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 206207.

422

Report of the French envoy in England to Catherine de Medici, december 1564, HMC Third Report, 262263. , , .

423

TNA SP 70/77/915, l. 128v 129.

424

TNA SP 31/3/26, l. 32.

425

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 233.

426

CSP Foreign, 15641565, 321; TNA 31/3/26, l. 1; Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 224.

427

Bertrand de Salignac, Seigneur de La Mothe Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, ed. A. Teulet, in 7 vol. (Paris, 18381840), II, 117119.

428

Summary of the advice given by the Privy Council, 4 june 1565, TNA SP 52/10, l. 148151.

429

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 208209.

430

Ibid., 208210, 225.

431

Ibid.

432

Ibid., 217.

433

Ibid., 229.

434

CSP Scot, 15631569, 140; TNA SP 52/10, l. 68r.

435

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique II, 120.

436

CSP Span, 15581567, 518.

437

TNA SP 31/3/25, l. 200201.

438

CSP Span, 15581567, 386387.

439

Ibid., 446; Adams (comp.), Dudley Household Accounts, 478.

440

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 247.

441

CSP Span, 15581567, 455.

442

CSP Foreign, 15661568, 130.

443

TNA 70/39/110; BL Add. MS 48, 023, l. 352, 353v, 366.

444

Rowland Vaughan, His Booke Most Approved and Long experienced water workes containing the manner of winter and summer drowning of Meadow and Pasture (London, 1610).

445

TNA LC/4/4/3, l. 53v; BL Lansdowne MS 4, 88, l. 191.

446

, . TNA SP 12/37, 28, l. 5859v.

447

Folger Library, Talbot MS X.d. 428 (16).

448

Ibid.

449

G. C. Williamson, Lady Anne Clifford, Countess of Dorset, Pembroke and Montgomery, 15901676: Her Life, Letters and Work (Wakefield, 1967), 37.

450

Tighe and Davis, Annals of Windsor, 639. 1577 . , . Annals of Windsor, I, 641.

451

CSP Span, 15581567, 466.

452

Von Klarwill, Queen Elizabeth, 218, 255; J. H. Pollen, Papal Negotiations with Mary Queen of Scots during her reign in Scotland 15611567, Scottish Historical Society, 37 (1901), 469. .: Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 207.

453

CSP Span, 15581567, 465.

454

Ibid.

455

Edmund Lodge, Illustrations of British history, biography and manners, in the reign of Henry VIII, Edward VI, Mary, Elizabeth and James I, in 3 vol. (London, 1838), II, 98.

456

TNA SP 52/19, l. 180r.

457

CSP Span, 15581567, 492; Mortimer Levine, The Elizabethan Succession Question, 165.

458

TNA SP 52/1, 26.

459

Cartes History of England, books xviii xx, 15581612, BLO Carte MS 188, 385.

460

TNA SP 52/10, l. 150v.

461

Frank A. Mumby, Elizabeth and Mary Stuart (London, 1914), 264, 2; Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 126.

462

CSP Foreign, 1563, 384387; BL Cotton MS Caligula B X, l. 299308.

463

Ellis (comp.), Original Letters, II, 299.

464

Ibid.

465

CSP Span, 15581567, 468.

466

CSP Dom 15471580, 277.

467

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 206207.

468

CSP Span, 15581567, 454.

469

Ibid., 505.

470

Ibid., 470.

471

CP 140/1; .: Murdin, Burghleys State Papers (London, 1759), 760.

472

. .

473

.: Elizabeth: Collected Works, 132; CSP Span, 15581567, 472.

474

CSP Span, 15581567, 492.

475

Ibid., 436437.

476

TNA SP 31/3/26, l. 102.

477

CSP Ven, 15581580, 374375.

478

CSP Span, 15581567, 530.

479

. : Milton Waldman, Elizabeth and Leicester (London, 1944), 130.

480

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 225.

481

CSP Span, 15581567, 529.

482

CSP Dom Addenda, 15661579, XIII, 8.

483

Ibid.

484

Ibid., 3.

485

TNA SP 12/36, l. 24r. 1564 . TNA SP 70/78, l. 188r 189r. CSP Dom, 15471580, 249, 256, 273, 275277, 289, 292; CSP Dom Addenda, 15661579, 10; CSP Foreign, 15641565, 267.

486

CSP Foreign, 15641565, 267; TNA SP 12/36/13.

487

Margaret Morison, A Narrative of the Journey of Cecilia, Princess of Sweden, to the Court of Queen Elizabeth, TRHS, n.s., 12 (1898), 181224, . 213214; CP 154/136, .: HMC Salisbury, I, 331; CP 154/146, .: HMC Salisbury, I, 332.

488

TNA SP 15/20/89; Peter Razell (comp.), The Journals of Two Travellers in Elizabethan and Early Stuart England, Thomas Platter and Horatio Busino (London, 1995), 25.

489

Jane A. Lawson, This Remembrance of the New Year: Books Given to Queen Elizabeth as New Years Gifts, .: Peter Beal, Grace Ippolo (comp.), Elizabeth I and the Culture of Writing (London, 2007), 133172, 151152.

490

TNA C66/973; TNA C66/970; TNA C54/1763; BLO Ashmole MS 1447, pt VII, 30; BLO Ashmole 1402, pt II, l. 118.

491

Jayne Archer, Rudenesse itselfe she doth refine: Queen Elizabeth as Lady Alchymia, .: A. Connolly and L. Hopkins (comp.), Goddesses and Queens: The Iconography of Queen Elizabeth I (Manchester, 2008), 4566, 51.

492

.: Deborah E. Harkness, The Jewel House: Elizabethan London and the Scientific Revolution (New Haven, Conn., 2007); Frank Sherwood Taylor, The Alchemists (St Albans, 1976).

493

TNA SP 12/36, l. 24r 24v.

494

TNA SP 12/37, l. 6r.

495

BL Lansdowne MS 703, l. 48r 49v. Alan Pritchard, Thomas Charnocks Book Dedicated to Queen Elizabeth, Ambix, 26 (1979), 5673.

496

BL Lansdowne MS 703, l. 6v 11v. . : Jonathan Hughes, The Humanity of Thomas Carnock, an Elizabethan Alchemist, .: Stanton J. Linden (comp.), Mystical Metal of Gold: Essays on Alchemy and Renaissance Culture (New York, 2007), 334.

497

BL Lansdowne MS 703, l. 8r, 9v, 39r.

498

TNA SP 70/80/123, l. 11, 52.

499

TNA SP 12/37, l. 6r 6v.

500

A Narrative of the Journey of Cecilia, Princess of Sweden, to the Court of Queen Elizabeth, 181214; CP 154/105; CP 154/229; J. Bell, Queen Elizabeth and a Swedish Princess Being an Account of the Visit of Princess Cecilia of Sweden to England in 1565 (London, 1926), 1523.

501

CSP Span, 15581567, 475.

502

Nathan Martin, Princess Cecilias Visitation to England, 15651566, .: Charles Beem (comp.), The Foreign Relations of Elizabeth I (Basingstoke, 2011), 2744.

503

CP 154/146, .: HMC Salisbury, I, 332333.

504

CP 154/112, .: HMC Salisbury, I, 327.

505

TNA SP 12/39/39.

506

CSP Span, 15581567, I, 546.

507

TNA SP 12/39/88.

508

TNA SP 12/37/3A; TNA SP 12/39/39. . ., .: BL Sloane 3654, l. 4r 6v; 1744, l. 4r 8v.

509

TNA SP 12/40/32.

510

TNA SP 15/13, l. 36r 37v; TNA SP 12/40/321; BL Lansdowne MS 9, l. 191r 192v, TNA SP 12/42/30.

511

TNA SP 12/40/53.

512

TNA SP 12/42/30.

513

Murdin, Burghleys State Papers, 763. 1571 . Longleat House MS DU/I, l. 209r; 1571 . . TNA SP 12/42/70 (28 may 1567).

514

Cabala, Sive Scrinia Sacra (London, 1691), 139.

515

CSP Span, 15581567, 512.

516

Ibid., 516, 518520.

517

Ibid., 526.

518

Patrick Fraser Tytler, History of Scotland, in 9 vol. (Edinburgh, 18281843), VII, 23.

519

.: John Guy, My Heart is my Own: The Life of Mary Queen of Scots (London, 2004), 11.

520

CSP Span, 15581567, 534.

521

Ibid., 540.

522

Ibid., 621.

523

Memoir of Melville, 54.

524

TNA SP 15/13/73; CSP Dom Addenda, 15661579, 2829.

525

Milton Waldman, Elizabeth and Leicester (London, 1947), 123.

526

CP 148/12, . : HMC Salisbury, II, 240.

527

TNA SP 63/18, l. 62 r v.

528

Memoir of Melville, 56.

529

Ibid.

530

Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, I, 129164.

531

TNA SP 12/40, l. 195.

532

.: William Camden, Annales, 129.

533

Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, I, 136.

534

Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 95; Simonds DEwes, The journals of all the parliaments during the reign of Queen Elizabeth both of the House of Lords and House of Commons (London, 1682), 12.

535

CSP Span, 15581567, 591592.

536

Ibid., 592.

537

Ibid., 599.

538

TNA SP 12/41/5, , , .: Hartley (comp.), Proceedings in the Parliaments, 147.

539

TNA SP 79/95, l. 161.

540

Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 116.

541

CSP Span, 15581567, 623.

542

CSP Foreign, 15661568, 232.

543

TNA SP 52/14.

544

BL Cotton MS Titus, 107, l. 124, 131.

545

TNA SP 12/46, l. 1, 28.

546

CSP Span, 15581567, 4; W. M. Schutte, Thomas Churchyards Doleful Discourse and the Death of Lady Katherine Grey, Sixteenth-Century Journal 15 (1984), 471487.

547

CSP Scot, 15631569, 416417.

548

CSP Span, 15681569, 36.

549

.: P. J. Holmes, Mary Stewart in England, 195218.

550

TNA SP 70/133, l. 185.

551

Ibid.

552

Frederich von Raumer, Contributions to Modern History from the British Museum and the State Paper Office (London, 1836), 178.

553

Papers relating to Mary Queen of Scots, mostly addressed to or written by Sir Francis Knollys, Philobiblon Society Miscellanies, 14 (1872), 1469.

554

Ibid.

555

CSP Scot, 15631569, 606, 612; Sally Varlow, Sir Francis Knollyss Latin dictionary: new evidence for Catherine Carey, BIHR 80, 209 (2007), 322.

556

Papers relating to Mary Queen of Scots, 65. , 16 , , , , , .

557

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 509.

558

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, I, 124.

559

Ibid.; . Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, 308.

560

CP 198124.

561

Thomas Newton, An epitaph upon the worthy and honourable lady, the Lady Knowles (1569); Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 509510.

562

CP 4/9, .: HMC Salisbury, 402.

563

TNA C/115/L2/6697; .: Janet Arnold, Lost from Her Majesties Back, 40, 41, 58, 104.

564

The House of Commons, 15581603, ed. P. Hasler, in 3 vol. (London, 1981), II, 416, 417.

565

CSP Dom Addenda, 15661579, XVII, 198.

566

TNA SP 70/102, l. 30v.

567

TNA SP 12/8/61, l. 165r.

568

Strype, Annals of the Reformation, I, 580581.

569

CSP Span, 15681579, 9697.

570

Ibid., 97.

571

Ibid., 180.

572

Murdin, Burghleys State Papers, 180.

573

TNA SP 12/81/57.

574

CP 159/46, .: HMC Salisbury, II, 25.

575

TNA SP 15/15, 29 (i). . : K. J. Kesselring, The Northern Rebellion of 1569: Faith, Politics and Protest in Elizabethan England (Basingstoke, 2007); R. Pollitt, The Defeat of the Northern Rebellion and the Shaping of Anglo-Scottish Relations, Scottish Historical Review, 64 (1985), 121.

576

TNA SP 15/15, 29 (i).

577

TNA SP 12/59, 65.

578

. : The Tudor Constitution, ed. G. R. Elton (Cambridge, 1982); . : P. McGrath, Papists and Puritans under Elizabeth I (London, 1967), 68.

579

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, III, 454.

580

The Egerton Papers, ed. J. Payne Collier (London, 1840), 52.

581

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, 418.

582

.: Katherine B. Crawford, Love, Sodomy and Scandal: Controlling the Sexual Reputation of Henry III, Journal of the History of Sexuality, 12 (2003), 513542.

583

Lettres de Catherine de Medicis, ed. Hector de la Ferriere-Percy Comte Baugyenault de Puchesse, in 10 vol. (Paris, 18801909), IV, 2627.

584

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, II, 178, 179.

585

Sir Dudley Digges, The Compleat Ambassador (London, 1655), 195.

586

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, VII, 180.

587

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, IV, 64, 85.

588

Ibid., 21.

589

Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 43, 7071.

590

Ibid., 96.

591

, .: M. de Vassal // Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, III, 462469.

592

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, IV, 186, 187.

593

Ibid.

594

CSP Foreign, 15721574, 3, 89.

595

The Zurich Letters, ed. Robinson, in 2 vol. (Cambridge, 1847), I, 245254.

596

M. A. R. Graves, Thomas Norton, the Parliament Man, Historical Journal, 23, 1 (1980), 1735.

597

13 Eliz, ch. 1 in Statutes IV, 526531.

598

13 Eliz, ch. 1, 2 in Statutes IV, 526531; Patrick McGrath, Papists and Puritans, 174175; Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, I, 218234.

599

23 Eliz, ch. 2 in Statutes IV, 659660.

600

.: Geoffrey Parker, The Place of Tudor England in the Messianic Vision of Philip II of Spain, TRHS, is. 6, 12 (2002), 167221.

601

TNA SP 12/84, l. 35v 36r.

602

TNA SP 12/84, l. 35r.

603

Robyn Adams, The Service I am Here For: William Herle in the Marshalsea Prison, 1571, Huntington Library Quarterly, 72 (2009), 217238. .: Francis Edwards, Plots and Plotters in the Reign of Elizabeth I (Dublin, 2002), 2973. . : Geoffrey Parker, The Grand Strategy of Philip II (London, 2000), 160164.

604

.: Conyers Read, Lord Burghley and Queen Elizabeth (London, 1960), 40.

605

TNA SP 12/80/117; Read, Lord Burghley and Queen Elizabeth, 3841.

606

T. B. Howell, A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings for High Treason, in 21 vol (London, 18161826), I, 968.

607

TNA SP 70/122, l. 153r.

608

CP 7/7, .: Murdin, Burghleys State Papers, II, 185.

609

Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 165166.

610

BL Cotton MS Caligula C 2, l. 86r v.

611

TNA SP 15/20, l. 155v.

612

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, VI, 189.

613

Paget Papers, X, art. 10. . 1575 . , , . (.: TNA SP 53/10/11, 45, 61). . , , , , - . .: David McKeen, A Memory of Honour: The Life of William Brooke, Lord Cobham, in 2 vol. (1986), I, 318322.

614

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, IV, 410411.

615

Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 198; Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, IV, 411, 412.

616

John Strype, The Life of the Learned Sir Thomas Smith, 114.

617

TNA SP 15/21, l. 58.

618

Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, I, 244.

619

Ibid., 262290.

620

Ibid., 310311.

621

Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 219.

622

.: Neville Williams, A Tudor Tragedy: Thomas Howard, Fourth Duke of Norfolk (London, 1964).

623

Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 167.

624

CSP Foreign, 15721574, 12; TNA SP 70/122, l. 3741, 50, 211. .: See Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 195.

625

Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 226228.

626

BL Cotton Vespasian F 6, l. 7r.

627

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, IV, 438439.

628

Instructions for Walsingham, 20 july 1572 .; TNA SP 70/124, l. 99.

629

Digges, Compleat Ambassador, 226228.

630

Ibid., 226230; BL Harleian MS 260, l. 277278.

631

Lettres de Catherine de Medicis, IV, 111112.

632

.: A. G. Dickens, The Elizabethans and St Bartholomew, .: A. Soman (comp.), The Massacre of St Bartholomew: reappraisals and documents (The Hague, 1974), 5270.

633

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, I, 321; CSP Span, 15681579, 410.

634

CSP Dom, 15471580, 450453; CSP Span, 15681579, 411412.

635

Lodge (comp.), Illustrations of British History, I, 547.

636

Fénélon, Correspondance Diplomatique, V, 123128.

637

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 438439.

638

Ellis (comp.), Original Letters, III, 25.

639

C. Read, Mr Secretary Walsingham and Queen Elizabeth, in 3 vol. (London, 1955), I, 239.

640

BL Add. MS 48049, l. 340r 357v, . . : BL Cotton MS Titus F III, l. 302r 308v .

641

BL Cotton MS Titus F, III, l. 302r 308v.

642

CSP Span, 15681579, 408.

643

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, I, 444445.

644

Lodge (comp.), Illustrations of British History, I, 550551.

645

CSP Span, 15681579, 429.

646

TNA SP 12/89, l. 1572.

647

LPL MS 3197, l. 4143, . : Elizabeth I, Collected Works, 212214.

648

A fourme of common prayer to be vsed, and so commaunded by auctoritie of the Queenes Maiestie, and necessarie for the present tyme and state (London, 1572), B2v B3v.

649

CP 5/90. CP 5/62, . : Haynes, Burghley State Papers, 203204, 208.

650

BL Lansdowne MS XV art. 43, .: Correspondence of Matthew Parker, 400401.

651

Correspondence of Matthew Parker, 401.

652

.: Eric St John Brooks, Sir Christopher Hatton: Queen Elizabeths Favourite (London, 1946).

653

BL Harleian MS 787, l. 88.

654

Sir Harris Nicolas, Memoirs of the Life and Times of Sir Christopher Hatton (London, 1847), 2324.

655

Ibid., 2526.

656

Ibid., 26, 155.

657

Ibid., 17.

658

LPL, MS 3197, l. 79.

659

Gervase Holles, Memorials of the Holles Family, 14931663, ed. A. C. Wood, Camden Society, is. 3, 55 (London, 1937), 70.

660

LPL, MS 3197, l. 79.

661

A letter from Robert, Earl of Leicester, to a lady, ed. C. Read, Huntington Library Bulletin, 9 (1936), 2325.

662

CKS, U, 1475/L 2/3, 1213.

663

TNA C115/M15/7341; BL Lansdowne MS 59, 22, l. 43; .: W. J. Tighe, Country into Court, Court into Country: John Scudamore of Holme Lacy (ch. 15421623) and His Circles, in Dale Hoak (comp.), Tudor Political Culture (Cambridge, 1995), 157178.

664

TNA E351/1795. 33 6 8 . - , , , .

665

(), , .

666

BL Egerton MS 2806, l. 49. 28 1572; HMC Rutland, I, 107; BL Add. MS 11049, l. 2. , .

667

TNA C 115/L2/6697, 47.

668

TNA C 115/M19/7543. 9 1576 .

669

CKS, , 1573 .

670

CSP Dom, 15471580, 442.

671

CSP Ireland, 15091585, 160; TNA SP 63/36, art. 14.

672

BL Add. MS 15914, l. 12.

673

BL Cotton MS Titus B, ii, l. 302.

674

1561 . , , , . BL Cotton MS Vespasian F, xii, l. 179a.

675

BL Cotton MS Vespasian F, xii, l. 179181; TNA SP 70/19.360; BL Cotton MS Titus B, ii, 152.

676

TNA SP 12, Warrant book, I, 83; TNA SP 40/1/83.

677

George Gascoigne, Princely Pleasures at Kenilworth Castle (London, 1576) . : Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, I, 492.

678

Ibid., 426522.

679

CSP Span, 15681579, 498.

680

Robert Lanehams Letter: Describing a Part of the Entertainment unto Queen Elizabeth at the Castle of Kenilworth in 1575, ed. F. J. Furnivall (New York, 1907).

681

Gascoigne, Princely Pleasures at Kenilworth Castle, 426522.

682

Carole Levin, Would I Could Give You Help and Succour: Elizabeth I and the Politics of Touch, Albion 21 (1989), 191205; Marc Bloch, The Royal Touch: Sacred Monarchy and Scrofula in England and France, J. E. Anderson (London, 1973); Raymond Crawfurd, The Kings Evil (Oxford, 1911). . , , . .: Reginald Scot, The Discoverie of Witchcraft (London, 1584), 303304.

683

William Tooker, Charisma sive Donum Sanationis (London, 1597), 99100.

684

.: Janice Delaney, Mary Jane Lupton, Emily Toth, The Curse: A Cultural History of Menstruation (Chicago, 1988), 42. . : Audrey Eccles, Obstetrics and Gynaecology in Tudor and Stuart England (London, 1982), 4951.

685

J. Andreas Löwe, Tooker, William (1553/41621), ODNB, 2004.

686

A Right Fruitful and Approved Treatise for the Artificial Cure of that Malady Called in Latin Stuma (London, 1602). .: F. N. L. Poynter (comp.), Selected Writings of William Clowes (London, 1948), 938.

687

Tooker, Charisma, 9092.

688

CSP Ven, 15921603, 238; Tooker, Charisma, 94, 100.

689

.: Susan Frye, Elizabeth I: The Competition for Representation (Oxford, 1993), 7072.

690

CSP Span, 15581567, 404405.

691

.: Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, I, 521522.

692

John Bossy, The English Catholic Community 15701850 (London, 1975); Patrick McGrath, Elizabethan Catholicism: A Reconsideration, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 35 (1984), 414428; Peter Lake, Michael Questier, Prisons, Priests and People in Post-Reformation England, . : Nicholas Tyacke (comp.), Englands Long Reformation 15001800 (London, 1998), 195223.

693

C. Haigh, The continuity of Catholicism in the English reformation, in C. Haigh (comp.), The English Reformation Revised (Cambridge, 1987), 178208; P. McGrath, J. Rowe, The Marian priests under Elizabeth I, Recusant History, 17 (1984), 103120.

694

TNA SP 12/118, l. 105.

695

Zillah Dovey, An Elizabethan Progress: The Queens Journey into East Anglia, 1578 (Stroud, 1996), 2738. .: Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 515.

696

Lodge (comp.), Illustrations of British History, II, 187191; Dovey, An Elizabethan Progress, 5356.

697

Lodge (comp.) Illustrations of British History, II, 187; P. Collinson, Pulling the Strings: Religion and Politics in the Progress of 1578, .: Jayne Elizabeth Archer, Elizabeth Goldring and Sarah Knight (comp.), The Progresses, Pageants and Entertainments of Queen Elizabeth (Oxford, 2007), 122141.

698

Ibid.

699

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 215219.

700

Lodge (comp.), Illustrations of British History, II, 187191.

701

Dovey, An Elizabethan Progress, 6368.

702

CSP Span, 15681579, 611, 524; G. L. Kittredge, Witchcraft in Old and New England (Harvard, 1929), 8788; C. F. Smith, John Dee (London, 1909), 1920; APC, 15771578, 309. , : Jean Bodins De la demonomanie des sorciers (Paris, 1587), sigs. i2r, Kk1v 2r.

703

APC, 15771578, 309.

704

CSP Span, 15681579, 611; APC, X, 309.

705

The Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, 521522.

706

APC, 15781580, 22; BL Cotton MS Vitellius C, VIII, l. 7v.

707

CSP Span, 15681579, 611; The Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, 521522; . BL Sloane MS 3846, l. 95r, 98r , . APC, 15781580, 22; BL Cotton MS Vitellius C, VII, l. 7v.

708

APC, 15771578, 308309.

709

TNA SP 12/140, l. 78v; Collinson, Pulling the Strings, 141.

710

TNA SP 12/131, l. 144; Richard Verstegan, The Copy of a Letter Sent from an English Gentleman, lately Become a Catholike beyond the Seas, to His Protestant Friend in England (Antwerp, 1589), 7; TNA SP 12/131/43.

711

APC, 15771578, 328.

712

CSP Ven, 15581580, 509510; CSP Foreign, 15721574, 493.

713

TNA SP 12/126/7; BL Lansdowne MS 25, l. 146r 147r; TNA SP 12/178/74; TNA SP 12/195/32.

714

Verstegan, The Copy of a Letter, 7; A Transcript of the Registers of the Company of Stationers of London, 15541640 A. D., ed. Edward Arber, in 5 vol. (London, 18751894), II, 339340.

715

APC, 15781580, 22.

716

Ibid., 3637.

717

TNA SP 12/276/102; TNA SP 23/186/91, 92; Verstegan, The Copy of a Letter, 7.

718

TNA SP 12/131, l. 144r; APC, 15781580, 102103, 212.

719

Verstegan, The Copy of a Letter, 7; TNA SP 12/276/102, 1600 .: CSP Domestic, 1578 .; J. A. Bossy, English Catholics and the French Marriage, 15771581, Recusant History 5 (1959), 216; . : Thomas M. McCoog, The English Jesuit Mission and the French Match, 15791581, The Catholic Historical Review, 87 (2007), 185213; TNA SP 12/186/91, 92.

720

Jean Bodin, De la Demonomanie des Sorciers (Anvers, 1580), sigs. E4v, Gg1r.

721

Longleat House, Dudley MS 3, l. 61 r.

722

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 252.

723

Memoirs of Sir Christopher Hatton, 9194; TNA SP 12/126/10.

724

Edward Fenton (comp.), The Diaries of John Dee (Oxford, 1988), 4, 17; The Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, 578.

725

Memoirs of Sir Christopher Hatton, 9394.

726

CSP Span, 15721574, 493.

727

TNA SP 12/126/10.

728

Fenton (comp.), Diaries of John Dee, 4, 18.

729

The Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, ii, 522.

730

BLO Ashmole MS 487; BL Cotton MS Vitellius C. VII, l. 7v; CSP Foreign, 15721574, 493; BL Lansdowne MS 27, l. 90r 91v, Dr Antonio Fenots advice; BLO Ashmole MS 1447, VII, 48.

731

BL Lansdowne MS 102, 94.

732

John Strype, Historical Collections of the Life and Acts of the right Reverend Father in God John Aylmer, Lord Bishop of London (Oxford, 1821), 192193.

733

Ibid., 193.

734

Ibid.

735

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 262.

736

Ibid., 255.

737

BL Cotton MS Vespasian F xii, l. 179; CSP Span, 15681579, 681682.

738

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, I, 272; De lIsle MS U1475 c7/7.

739

CSP Span, 15681579, II, 682.

740

BL Lansdowne MS 29, l. 161.

741

.: Arnold, Lost from Her Majesties Back, 63.

742

The Compendious Rehearsal of John Dee, 508, 510, 515, 522523.

743

Lettres de Catherine de Medicis, VI, 14.

744

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, X, 662663.

745

Ibid., 774775.

746

CP 148/12.

747

BL Harleian MS, 1582, l. 4652.

748

CP 148/25, . : HMC Salisbury, II, 238.

749

Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 157; CP 148/32.

750

TNA SP 83/7/73.

751

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, X, 536537; IX, 304305.

752

CSP Ven, 15581580, 628.

753

TNA 31/3/27, l. 217219.

754

Lettenhove, Relations Politiques, X, 799801.

755

Thomas Churchyard, A discourse of the queens maiesties entertainment in Suffolk and Norfolk (London, 1578), . : Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 222223; David M. Bergeron, The I of the Beholder: Thomas Churchyard and the 1578 Norwich Pageant, .: Jayne Elizabeth Archer, Elizabeth Goldring, Sarah Knight (comp.), The Progresses, Pageants and Entertainment of Queen Elizabeth I, 142162.

756

CSP Span, 15681579, 627.

757

TNA 31/3/27, l. 259260, 282; CSP Span, 15681579, 655; Lodge (comp.), Illustrations of British History, II, 141.

758

William Camden, Annales, 1579; .: D. C. Peck (comp.), Leicesters Commonwealth: The copy of a letter written by a Master of Arts of Cambridge (1584) and related documents (Ohio, 1985), 18.

759

7 1579 ., . : Read, Mr Secretary Walsingham, II, 19; TNA Baschet Transcripts.

760

CSP Foreign, 15781579, 487.

761

Lettres de Catherine de Medicis, VI, 112.

762

.: Coleccion de Documentos, 359, : CSP Span, 15681579, 658659.

763

Lodge (comp.), Illustrations of British History, II, 149150.

764

CSP Span, 15681579, 629.

765

CP 148/27; .: HMC Salisbury, II, 238245, 250252.

766

.: S. Doran, Monarchy and Matrimony, 160.

767

Victor von Klarwill, The Fugger News Letters (London, 1926), 28; Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 285286. , . The Harleian Miscellany, ed. Thomas Park, William Oldys (London, 18081813), X, 272273.

768

CSP Span, 15681579, 681.

769

D. C. Peck (comp.), Leicesters Commonwealth, 92.

770

TNA SP 12/151/48, art. 6, 7.

771

CSP Span, 15681579, 681682.

772

A. Labanoff, Lettres, Instructions et Memoires de Marie Stuart, Reine dEcosse, in 5 vol. (Paris, 18441854), V, 9495.

773

J.M. B. C. Kervyn de Lettenhove, Les Huguenots et Les Gueux, in 6 vol. (Bruges, 18831885), V, 390391; TRP III, 141142.

774

CSP Foreign, 15791580, 45, 48; CSP Span, 15681579, 688; I. Cloulas, Correspondance du Nonce en France, Anselmo Dandino (15781581), Acta Nuntiaturae Gallicae, VIII (Paris, 1970), 465, 469, 472; G. Canestrini, A. Desjardins, Negociations Diplomatiques de la France avec la Toscane, in 5 vol. (Paris, 18651875), IV, 260, 261, 265; CSP Ven, 15581580, 667668.

775

Elizabeth I: The Collected Works, 243244.

776

.: Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardobe Unlockd, 7576.

777

TNA 31/3/27, l. 397; John Stubbs, The discoverie of a gaping gulf whereinto England is like to be swallowed by an other French marriage (London, 1579), sig. D8v E6v, . : Lloyd E. Berry (comp.), John Stubbss Gaping Gulf with Letters and other Relevant Documents (Charlottesville, Virginia, 1968). . : Ilona Bell, Soueraigne Lord of lordly Lady of this land: Elizabeth, Stubbs and the Gaping Gulf , .: Julia M. Walker (comp.), Dissing Elizabeth. Negative Representations of Gloriana (Durham, NJ and London, 1998), 99117.

778

Berry (comp.), Gaping Gulf, 3.

779

Ibid., 68.

780

Ibid., 72.

781

TRP II 445449; Berry (comp.), Gaping Gulf, 397. . : Natalie Mears, Counsel, Public Debate and Queenship; John Stubbss The Discoverie of a Gaping Gulf, 1579, The Historical Journal, 44, 3 (2001), 629650.

782

.: K. Barnes, John Stubbs, 1579: The French Ambassadors Account, BIHR 64 (1991), 421426.

783

CSP Ven, 15581580, 623.

784

.: Katherine Duncan-Jones, Jan van Dorsten (comp.), Miscellaneous Prose of Sir Philip Sidney (Oxford, 1973), 3337. 22 1580 . , , . S. A. Pears (comp.), The Correspondence of Sir Philip Sidney and Hubert Languet (London, 1845), 187.

785

CP 149/47, . : HMC Salisbury, II, 265.

786

CSP Ven, 15581580, 621.

787

TNA SP 78/3, l. 133136.

788

Ibid., l. 145.

789

Dudley Papers, III, l. 43052.

790

Lettres de Catherine de Medicis, VII, 261.

791

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, II, 107109.

792

Ibid., 106109.

793

Bibliotheque Nationale de Paris, Fonds Français MS 3307, l. 16.

794

Frederick A. Youngs, The Proclamations of the Tudor Queens (Cambridge, 1976), 208.

795

A Briefe Declaration of the Shews, Devices, Speeches and Inventions, Done & Performed before the Queenes Majestie & the French Ambassadours, at the Most Valiaunt and Worthye Triumph, Attempted and Executed on the Munday and Tuesday in Whitson Weeke Last, Anno Collected, Gathered, Penned & Published by Henry Goldwel, Gen (London, 1581).

796

TNA SP 78/5, 62.

797

CSP Span, 15801586, 348.

798

Raumer, Contributions to Modern History, 226227.

799

M. A. S. Hume, The Courtships of Queen Elizabeth (London, 1904), 211212.

800

; .: CSP Foreign, 15811582, 473474.

801

CSP Span, 15681579, 226227. , , 14 1581 .: Bibliotheque Nationale Italien MS 1732, l. 230.

802

Ibid.

803

Canestrini, Desjardins, Negociations Diplomatiques, IV, 412.

804

Coleccion de Documentos, xcii, 193194, .: CSP Span, 15801586, 229.

805

BL Harleian MS 6992, l. 114r.

806

William Camden, Annales, III, 12.

807

Bibliotheque Nationale Italien MS 1732, l. 231232.

808

Ibid.

809

.: J. A. Froude, History of England from the fall of Wolsey to the defeat of the Spanish Armada, in 12 vol. (London, 1893), vol. II, 476.

810

.: Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 346.

811

. . .

812

BL Cotton MS Galba E VI, l. 155, . : Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 260261.

813

TNA SP 78/10/79; . : CSP Foreign, 15831584, 218, 344.

814

.: OED Sir-reverence, 2 . . : OED (Robert Greene, Ned Browne, 1592); His face and his Necke, were all besmeared with the soft sirreverence, so as he stunck.

815

CSP Foreign, 15831584, 344.

816

.: The Letters and Despatches of Richard Verstegan (c. 15501640), ed. A. G. Petti (London, 1959).

817

Roy Strong, Gloriana: The Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I (London, 1987), 9899; . : Susan Doran, Virginity, Divinity and Power: The Portraits of Elizabeth I // Susan Doran, Thomas Freeman (comp.), The Myth of Elizabeth (Basingstoke, 2003), 171199; A. and C. Belsey, Icons of Divinity: Portraits of Elizabeth I // Renaissance Bodies: The human figure in English culture c.15401600, ed. Lucy Gent, Nigel Llewellyn (London, 1990), 1516; John N. King, Queen Elizabeth I: Representations of the Virgin Queen, Renaissance Quarterly 43 (1990), 3074. . : Roy Strong, The English Icon: Elizabethan and Jacobean Portraiture (London, 1969); Roy Strong, Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I (Oxford, 1963).

818

.: Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 194.

819

.: The Secretes of the Reverende Maister Alexis of Piemount (London, 1558) .

820

Philip Stubbes, The Anatomies of Abuses (London, 1583), 37. . : Laurie A. Finke, Painting Women: Images of Femininity in Jacobean Tragedy, Theatre Journal, 36 (1984), 357370.

821

Thomas Drant, Two Sermons preached the other at the Court of Windsor the Sonday after twelfth day being the viij of January, before in the yeare 1569 (London, 1570), . 15v.

822

Drant, Sermons, sig. 12v.

823

Father Rivers, Letter of 13 January 1601, .: Henry Foley, Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus: historic facts illustrative of the labours and sufferings of its members in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, in 7 vol. (London, 1877), I, 8, 24.

824

.: Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardrobe Unlockd, 23; Strong, Gloriana, 80.

825

.: Alan Haynes, The English Earthquake of 1580, History Today (1979), 542544.

826

P. Lake, M. Questier, Puritans, Papists and the public sphere in early modern England: the Campion affair in context, Journal of Modern History, lxxii (2000), 587627.

827

The great bragge and challenge of M. Champion a Jesuite, commonlye called Edmunde Campion, lately arrived in Englande, contayninge nyne articles here severallye laide downe, directed by him to the Lordes of the Counsail (London, 1581).

828

TRP II: 481484.

829

Neale, Elizabeth and her Parliaments, I, 383384.

830

. : Hartley (comp.), Proceedings in the Parliaments, I, 504; BL Sloane MS 326, l. 1929.

831

23 Eliz, ch. 1 in Statutes IV, 657658.

832

TNA SP 83/29; 148/10.

833

23 Eliz, ch. 2 in Statutes IV, 659.

834

George Eliot, A very true report of the apprehension and taking of that Arche Papist Edmund Campion the Pope his right hand, with three other lewd Jesuite priests, and divers other Laie people, most seditious persons of like sort (London, 1581).

835

APC, 15811582, 144145; Christopher Barker, A particular declaration or testimony, of the undutiful and traitorous affection borne against her Majestie by Edmond Campion Jesuite, and other condemned Priestes, witnessed by their owne confessions (London, 1582), sig. B1r b4v. . : Brian Harrison (comp.), A Tudor Journal: the Diary of a Priest in the Tower 15801585 (London, 2000); Howell, State trials, I, 10491072; William Allen, A Briefe Historie of the Glorious Matyrdom of XII Reverent Priests (Rheims, 1582).

836

Thomas Alfield, A true reporte of the death & martyrdome of M. Campion Jesuite and preiste, & M. Sherwin, & M. Bryan preistes, at Tiborne the first of December 1581 (1582).

837

Harrison (comp.), A Tudor Journal, 208209. .: BL Lansdowne MS 33, l. 145r 149r.

838

George Eliot, A very true report of the apprehension and taking of that Arche Papist, Edmund Campion, the Pope his right hand with three other Jesuit priests and divers other Laie people, most seditious persons of like sort (London, 1581).

839

APC, 15811582, 407.

840

Thomas Day, Wonderfvll Strange Sightes (London, 1583), sig. A2r.

841

H. Howard, A Defensative against the Poison of Supposed Prophecies (London, 1583).

842

TNA SP 12/163/23.

843

CSP Span, 15801586, 512, 651652. : TNA SP 12/163/2122; TNA SP 12/163/26; TNA SP 12/163/28; TNA SP/163/4; BL Harleian MS 6035, l. 3235; CSP Dom, 15811590, 128130, 182. , 1598 ., 34 , , 1598 ., 30.

844

A Discoverie of the Treasons Practised and Attempted against the Queenes Majestie and the Realme by Francis Throckmorton (London, 1584), .: The Harleian Miscellany (London, 18081813), III, 190200.

845

BL Lansdowne MS 39, l. 193r.

846

A Discoverie of the Treasons Practised and Attempted//The Harleian Miscellany, 190200; John Bossy, Under the Molehill: An Elizabethan Spy Story (New Haven and London, 2001), 3133, 8486.

847

BL Stowe MS 1083, l. 17.

848

Raumer, Contributions, 256257.

849

BL Cotton MS Caligula C viii, l. 204206. , ; .: John Bossy, Giordano Bruno and the Embassy Affair (New Haven and London, 1991), 206.

850

CSP Span, 15801586, 514; .: D. L. Jensen, Diplomacy and Dogmatism: Bernardino de Mendoza and the French Catholic League (London, 1964), 5964.

851

CSP Span, 15801586, 513; 26 1584 . , , . .: CSP Span, 15801586, 515516.

852

CSP Foreign, 15831584, 652653.

853

CSP Foreign, 15771578, 140141.

854

HMC Salisbury, III, 4445.

855

TNA SP 12/173/8183.

856

BL Harleian MS 1582, l. 390391; .: Bossy, Bruno Affair, 217218.

857

TNA SP 12/173/104.

858

TNA SP 12/174/10.

859

.: David Cressy, Binding the Nation: The Bonds of Association, 1584 and 1596, .: D. J. Guth, J. W. McKenna (comp.), Tudor Rule and Revolution (Cambridge, 1982), 217234; Patrick Collinson, The Elizabethan Exclusion Crisis and the Elizabethan Polity, Proceedings of the British Academy, 84 (1994), 5192; . : The Monarchical Republic of Queen Elizabeth I // Elizabethan Essays (London, 1994).

860

TNA SP 12/174, 10. .: Cressy, Binding the Nation, 217226.

861

TNA SP 12/173/88.

862

.: Cressy, Binding the Nation, 217234.

863

Elizabeth I: Collected works, 195.

864

BL Lansdowne MS 41, l. 45.

865

BL Sloane MS 326, l. 71.

866

27 Eliz, ch. 1 in Statutes IV, 704705.

867

.: Collinson, Elizabethan Essays, 4855; . : Collinson, The Elizabethan Exclusion Crisis and the Elizabethan Polity, 5192.

868

BL, Lansdowne MS 39, l. 128r.

869

27 Eliz, ch. 2 in Statutes IV, 706708.

870

.: Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, II, 13101.

871

Hartley (comp.), Proceedings in Parliament, II, 158160.

872

BL Lansdowne MS 39, l. 128r 129r.

873

BL Lansdowne MS 96, l. 48r, . : Christopher Barker, A True and plaine declaration of the horrible Treasons practised by William Parry the Traitor against the Queenes Majestie. The manner of his Arraignment, Conviction and execution, together with the copies of sundry letters of his and others, tending to divers purposes, for the proofes of his Treasons (London, 1585), fig. D2r-v.

874

TNA SP 12/176/154160; Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 88.

875

TNA SP 12/176/47; TNA SP 12/176/48; TNA SP 12/176/52.

876

Journey of Von Wedel, 223270, 267.

877

TNA SP 12/177/1; TNA SP 12/177/4.

878

Barker, A True and plaine declaration of the horrible Treasons practised by William Parry, fig. Eiv.

879

BL Lansdowne MS 43, l. 117v 118r.

880

Barker, A True and plaine declaration of the horrible Treasons practised by William Parry, fig. Eiv.

881

TNA SP 12/177/1.

882

An order of Praier and ankes-giving, for the preseruation of the Queenes Majesties life and safetie With a short extract of William Parries voluntarie confession, written with his own hand (London, 1585).

883

.: Leo Hicks, The Strange Case of Dr William Parry, Studies (1948), 343362. , , .

884

TNA SP 12/179/26.

885

BL Cotton MS Titus B VII, l. 10.

886

CSP Foreign, 15841585, 716; Peck (comp.), Leicesters Commonwealth, 513.

887

Ibid., 125.

888

Peck (comp.), Leicesters Commonwealth. . : Frank J. Burgoyne (comp.), History of Queen Elizabeth, Amy Robsart and the Earl of Leicester (London, 1904), 49.

889

Peck (comp.), Leicesters Commonwealth, 86.

890

Ibid., 85, 92. .: D. C. Peck, Government suppression of Elizabethan Catholic books: the case of Leicesters Commonwealth, Huntington Library Quarterly, xlvii (1997), 163177.

891

P. Holmes, Resistance and Compromise: the Political Thought of the Elizabethan Catholics (Cambridge, 1982); P. Holmes, The authorship of Leicesters Commonwealt, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, xxxiii (1982), 424430; P. Lake, From Leicester his Commonwealth to Sejanus his fall: Ben Jonson and the politics of Roman (Catholic) virtue // Ethan Shagan, Catholics and the Protestant Nation: Religious Politics and Identity in Early Modern England (Manchester, 2005), 128161.

892

Ibid.

893

TRP, II, 506508.

894

Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown, 44.

895

G. Adlard, Amye Robsart and the Earl of Leycester (London, 1870), 5657; Dudley Papers, III, l. 209.

896

Murdin (comp.), Burghleys State Papers, 436437.

897

TNA SP 78/13/86.

898

CSP Foreign, 15841585, 400.

899

TNA SP 78/13/86.

900

TNA SP 78/15/2.

901

CSP Foreign, 15841585, 19.

902

Peck (comp.), The Letter of Estate, 23.

903

Ibid., 20.

904

Ibid., 2930.

905

Ibid., 30.

906

Ibid.

907

Dudley Papers, III, l. 209.

908

CP 133/68, .: Murdin (comp.), Burghleys State Papers, 559.

909

, , , , , . .: R. Bakan, Queen Elizabeth I: A case of testicular feminisation, Medical Hypotheses, 17 (1985), 277284.

910

CP 133/68.

911

Journey of Von Wedel, 262265.

912

Ibid.

913

Calendar of the Carew manuscripts preserved in the Archepiscopal Library at Lambeth, in 6 vol. (London, 18671873), II, 235237.

914

Longleat House, Thynne Papers, V, 15741603, l. 254.

915

Journey of Von Wedel, 262265.

916

TNA SP 12/182/41.

917

Haynes, Burghley State Papers, x.

918

M. Waldman, Elizabeth and Leicester (London, 1946), 185.

919

CSP Dom, I, viii, 403.

920

Bruce, Correspondence of Robert Dudley, 112, 144.

921

.: T. B. Howell, State Trials, 1, 129131; Read, Mr Secretary Walsingham, III, 1822.

922

Alexandre Teulet, Relations Politiques de la France et de lEspagne avec lEcosse au XVIe siecle, . 13 (Paris, 1862), 348; CSP Span, 15801586, 603608.

923

Howell, State Trials, I, 1, 139.

924

CSP Span, 15801586, 588. (9 ) : () , , , . .: Murdin, Burghleys State Papers, 529.

925

TNA SP 53/19/12; CP 15/59, , .

926

.:: Pollen, Papal Negotiations with Mary Queen of Scots, 3845.

927

TNA SP 53/18/61.

928

TNA SP 53/18/55.

929

TNA SP 12/250/61.

930

TRP II, 525526.

931

TNA SP 53/19/38.

932

TNA SP 53/19/24.

933

.: Pollen, Papal Negotiations with Mary Queen of Scots, clxx-clxxiii.

934

Thomas Deloney, A Most Joyfull Songe Made in the Behalfe Of All Her Maiesties Faithfull and Loving Subiects Of the Great Joy Which Was Made in London At the Taking Of the Late Trayterous Conspirators (London, 1586).

935

The True Copie of a Letter from the Queenes Maiestie, to the Lord Maior of London, and His Brethren Conteyning a Most Gracious Acceptation of the Great Joy Which Her Subjectes Tooke Upon the Apprehension of Divers Persons, Detected of Most Wicked Conspiracies, Read Openly in a Great Assemblie of the Commons in the Guidhall of that Citie, the 22 day of August 1586 (London, 1586), fig. Aii.

936

.: BL Add. MS 48027, l. 296r 313r; Pollen, Papal Negotiations with Mary Queen of Scots, 4997.

937

BL Egerton MS 2124, l. 28r v; Conyers Read, The Bardon Papers: Documents relating to the imprisonment and trial of Mary Queen of Scots (London, 1909), 45.

938

BL Egerton MS 2124, l. 28r v.

939

BL Add. MS 48027, l. 263r 271v; . : BL Harley 290, l. 170r 173v.

940

BL Harleian MS 290, l. 187r.

941

BL Add. MS 48027, l. 569r; .: Howell, State Trials, I, 11661169.

942

BL Add. MS 48027, l. 569v.

943

Simonds DEwes, The journals of all the parliaments during the reign of Queen Elizabeth both of the House of Lords and House of Commons (London, 1682), 9798.

944

Quoted in Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, II, 113.

945

Ibid., 194; Elizabeth I: Collected Works, 189.

946

TNA SP 12/197, l. 15, 42, 24, 41, 40, 46, 48, 50; TNA SP 15/30, l. 17; CP 14/44, .: HMC Salisbury, III, 214.

947

CP 15/77, .: HMC Salisbury, III, 233; CSP Dom, 15811590, 379380; CSP Dom Addenda, 15801625, 199202; . CSP Span, 15871603, 13, 14, 82.

948

BL Kings MS 119, l. 50; TNA SP 12/197, l. 9, 41. BL Cotton MS Galba E VI, l. 333. CSP Dom, 15811590, 379380; CSP Dom Addenda, 15801625, 199202; CSP Span, 15871603, 13, 14, 82.

949

CP 15/78, .: HMC Salisbury, III, 216.

950

Read, Mr Secretary Walsingham, III, 60.

951

CSP Span, 15871603, 149.

952

BL Kings MS 119, l. 50.

953

CSP Foreign, 15831584, 190; CSP Span, 15871603, 1315.

954

CP 14/43, . : HMC Salisbury, III, 214.

955

CSP Span, 15871603, 82.

956

CSP Dom, 15811590, 531.

957

Murdin, Burghleys State Papers, 380. .: Mitchell Leimon, Geoffrey Parker, Treason and Plot in Elizabethan Diplomacy: The Fame of Sir Edward Stafford Reconsidered, The English Historical Review 111 (1996), 11341158.

958

CSP Foreign, 15831584, 259, 272.

959

Ibid., 457, 459.

960

BL Cotton MS Galba E VI, l. 171v.

961

CSP Foreign, 15831584, 474.

962

CSP Foreign, 15841585, 266267, 312; CSP Foreign, 15851586, 232, 306307.

963

CSP Foreign, 15861588, 3435.

964

CSP Span, 15871603, 189, 218.

965

Ibid.

966

.: J. S. Corbett, Papers Relating to the Navy in the Spanish War, 15851587 (London, 1898).

967

TRP, II, 528532.

968

CSP Foreign, 15861588, 241.

969

CSP Scot, 15871588, 287295.

970

Ibid., 294.

971

CSP Scot, IV, 291, 294.

972

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 495507.

973

BL Lansdowne MS 102, l. 10r; Wright (comp.), Elizabeth and her Times, II, 332.

974

CSP Ven, VIII, 256.

975

BL Lansdowne MS 1236, l. 32.

976

William Camden, Annales, 115.

977

.: R. B. Wernham, The disgrace of William Davison, English Historical Review, 46 (1931), 632636.

978

Strype, Annales, II, ii, 407.

979

TNA SP 12/200/20.

980

HMC Salisbury III, ii, 220.

981

St Johns College Cambridge MS I.30, l. 60v 61r.

982

Ibid.; . : Peter E. MacCullough, Out of Egypt: Richard Fletchers sermon before Elizabeth // Julia M. Walker (comp.), Dissing Elizabeth, 118152; . : Margaret Christian, Elizabeths Preachers and the Government of Women: Defining and Correcting a Queen, The Sixteenth Century Journal 24.3 (1993), 561576; MacCullough, Sermons at court, 87.

983

Harrison (comp.), Letters of Queen Elizabeth, 188.

984

CSP Scot, 15861588, 330331.

985

CSP Ven, 15811589, 259261.

986

Alexander S. Wilkinson, Mary Queen of Scots and French Public Opinion, 15421600 (Basingstoke, 2004); CSP Foreign, 15861588, 227.

987

J. Hooper Grew, Elisabeth dAngleterre dans la litterature francaise (Paris, 1932), 3839; . : Strong, Gloriana, 34.

988

.: John Scott, A Bibliography of works relating to Mary Queen of Scots 15441700 (Edinburgh, 1896), 5455.

989

J. E. Phillips, Images of a Queen: Mary Stuart in Sixteenth-century Literature (Berkeley, 1964), 143170.

990

Adam Blackwood, Martyre de la royne dEscosse (Paris, 1587), 345349.

991

Ibid.

992

, La Mort de La Royne dEscosse Doubairere de France (Paris, 1588), , .

993

.: J. E. Phillips, Images of a Queen; Adam Blackwood, Martyre de la Royne dEscosse.

994

Blackwood, Marytre de la Royne DEscosse, A4v A4r.

995

Aliud eiusdem argumenti, .: De Iezabelis Angl. parricido varii generis poemata Latina et Gallica (France, 1590).

996

. : Georges Ascoli, La Grande-Bretagne devant lopinion francaise au XVIIe siecle (Paris, 1927), 294. . , , III, .

997

. : Georges Ascoli, La Grande-Bretagne, 296297. .: Phillips, Images of a Queen, 85116, 143170.

998

CSP Ven, 15811591, 264.

999

.: Ettwell A. B. Barnard, Evesham and a Reputed Son of Queen Elizabeth (Evesham, 1926); CSP Span, 15871603, 101112.

1000

CSP Span, 15871603, 101112.

1001

CSP Ven, 15811591, 267.

1002

Ibid., 288.

1003

.: Robert Hutchinson, Elizabeths Spy Master: Francis Walsingham and the Secret War that Saved England (London, 2007).

1004

Ellis (comp.), Original Letters, III, 134137.

1005

List and Analysis of State Papers, Foreign Series, Elizabeth I, II, 15901591, 697.

1006

.: John Cooper, The Queens Agent: Francis Walsingham at the Court of Elizabeth I (London, 2011).

1007

Holinsheds Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, in 6 vol. (London, 18071808), III, 13561357, 1592.

1008

AGS E949, l. 28, . : M. J. Rodriguez-Salgado, Simon Adams (comp.), England, Spain and the Gran Armada, 15851604: Essays from the Anglo Spanish conferences, London and Madrid 1988 (Edinburgh, 1991).

1009

William Allen, An Admonition to the nobility and people of England and Ireland (Antwerp, 1588).

1010

G. Mattingly, William Allen and Catholic propaganda in England, .: Travaux dHumanisme et Renaissance (Geneva), 28 (1957), 325339.

1011

William Allen, An Admonition to the Nobility, 1588 . : D. M. Rogers (comp.), English Recusant Literature 15581640 (Menston, 1979), xix.

1012

.: Valerie Traub, The Renaissance of Lesbianism in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 2002), 130.

1013

TRP, III, 1317; TNA SP 12/215, l. 144; The Execution of Justice in England by William Cecil and A True, Sincere and Modest Defense of English Catholics by William Allen, ed. Robert M. Kingdon (Ithaca, NY, 1965), xxxvi xxxvii.

1014

CSP Dom, 15811591, 507.

1015

Wright (comp.), Queen Elizabeth and her Times, II, 374376; .: John S. Nolan, The Militarization of Elizabethan England, Journal of Military History, 58 (3) (1994), 391420; . : Neil Younger, If the Armada Had Landed: A Reappraisal of Englands Defences in 1588, History, 93 (2008), 328354,

1016

CSP Dom, 15811591, 515.

1017

J. K. Laughton, State Papers Concerning the Defeat of the Spanish Armada (London, 1898), I, 46. .

1018

CSP Foreign, 15861588, 597, 641, 652; CSP Foreign, 1588, 5.

1019

Rodriguez-Salgado, Adams (comp.), England, Spain and the Gran Armada 15851604; Colin Martin, Geoffrey Parker, The Spanish Armada (London, 1999); James McDermott, England and the Spanish Armada: The Necessary Quarrel (New Haven and London, 2005).

1020

BL Add. MS 44839; TNA SP 12/213/80; SP 12/214/86.

1021

BL Harleian MS 6798, fig. 18; Cabala, Mysteries of State and Government: in Letters of Illustrious Persons and Great Ministers of State (London, 1663), 373; .: Janet M. Green, I My Self: Queen Elizabeth Is Oration at Tilbury Camp, Sixteenth Century Journal 28 (1997), 421445; . : Susan Frye, The Myth of Elizabeth at Tilbury, Sixteenth Century Journal 23 (1992), 95114; Miller Christy, Queen Elizabeths Visit to Tilbury in 1588, English Historical Review, xxxiv (1919), 46; A. J. Collins, The Progress of Queen Elizabeth to the Camp at Tilbury, 1588, British Museum Quarterly 10 (1936), 164167.

1022

CSP Span, 15871603, 481.

1023

Ibid.

1024

A. and C. Belsey, Icons of Divinity: Portraits of Elizabeth I // Renaissance Bodies, 1516.

1025

Roy Strong, Gloriana.

1026

CSP Span, 15871603, 419420.

1027

BL Cotton MS Caligula D I, l. 338.

1028

CSP Span, 15871603, 481.

1029

BL Cotton MS Caligula D I, l. 333r.

1030

HMC Bath, V, 94.

1031

CSP Span, 15871603, 481.

1032

TNA SP 12/215/65.

1033

BL Sloane MS 1926, l. 3543v, . : D. C. Peck, News from Heaven and Hell: A Defamatory Narrative of the Earl of Leicester, English Literary Renaissance 8 (1978), 141158.

1034

.: F. G. Emmison, Elizabethan Life. Vol. 1: Disorder (Chelmsford, 1971), 42; Joel Samaha, Gleanings from Local Criminal-Court Records: Sedition amongst the Inarticulate in Elizabethan Essex, The Journal of Social History 8? (1975), 69.

1035

Paul E. J. Hammer, The Polarisation of Elizabethan Politics: The Political Career of Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, 15851597 (Cambridge, 1999).

1036

Folger Shakespeare Library, L.a. 39.

1037

BL Tanner MS 76, l. 29.

1038

Devereux, Lives and Letters of the Devereux, I, 187189.

1039

Harrison (comp.), Letters of Elizabeth, 195.

1040

LPL MS 3199, 116; LPL MS 3201, l. 208r. .

1041

Lodge, Illustrations of British History, II, 422.

1042

. : J. E. Neale, Queen Elizabeth (London, 1979), 328.

1043

CP 168/55, 20/65, . : HMC Salisbury, IV, 153.

1044

1600 ., 30 . , , ; (TNA, SP 14/89, l. 4r). 1606 ., 1602 . (TNA C 142/391/66).

1045

.: A. L. Rowse, Ralegh and the Throckmortons (London, 1962), 160.

1046

The works of Sir Walter Ralegh, kt: now first collected: to which are prefixed the lives of the author, comp. William Oldys, Thomas Birch, 8, Miscellaneous works (Oxford, 1829), 659.

1047

, 1588 .: .: P. Lefranc, La date du mariage de Sir Walter Ralegh: un document indit, Etudes Anglaises 9 (1956), 192211. , , 1591 ., .

1048

D. J. H. Clifford (comp.), The Diaries of Lady Anne Clifford (Stroud, 1992), 27; . : Johanna Rickman, Love, Lust and License in Early Modern England: Illicit Sex and the Nobility (Aldershot, 1998), 2768.

1049

- , 8 1591 ., . : Religion, Politics and Society in Sixteenth Century England, ed. Ian Archer et al., 228230, 291.

1050

Michael Questier, Loyal to a Fault: Viscount Montague Explains Himself , Historical Research 77 (2004), 225253; Curtis Charles Breight, Caressing the Great: Viscount Montagues Entertainment of Elizabeth at Cowdray, 1591, Sussex Archaeological Collections, 127 (1989), 147166; Michael Leslie, Something nasty in the wilderness: Entertaining Queen Elizabeth on her Progresses, Medical and Renaissance Drama in England, 10 (1998), 4772.

1051

.: John Strype, Annals, I, 442, 445, 446. . , ., : Allen in Execution of Justice, ed. Kingdon, 140141.

1052

Curtis Charles Breight in Duelling Ceremonies: The Strange Case of William Hacket, Elizabethan Messiah, Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 191 (1989), 3567.

1053

Memorandum of the arraignment at Newgate of William Hacket, of Northamptonshire, for high treason, 26 july 1591 ., . : HMC Fourteenth Report, Appendix, Part IV. The Manuscripts of Lord Kenyon, 607. . : Alexandra Walsham, Frantick Hacket: Prophecy, Sorcery, Insanity and the Elizabethan Puritan Movement, Historical Journal, 41 (1998), 2766.

1054

G. B. Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, 15911594, 4142.

1055

Ibid., 4546.

1056

. : C. Devlin, The Life of Robert Southwell (London, 1956), 243.

1057

TRP, III, 8693.

1058

Ibid.

1059

Sir John Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown, ed. C. R. Markham (London, 1880), 104.

1060

CSP Dom, 15911594, 302.

1061

TNA SP 12/113/173; SP 12/247/61.

1062

TNA SP 12/244/112.

1063

TNA SP 12/247/79. .

1064

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, I, 283. .: TNA SP 12/247/33; TNA SP 12/247/35; SP 12/247/39; SP 12/247/60; SP 12/247/62.

1065

TNA SP 12/247/78; Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, 289.

1066

TNA SP 12/247/78.

1067

Warren Skidmore, Lady Mary Scudamore (c 15501603), , 29.

1068

Francis Edwards, Plots and Plotters in the Reign of Elizabeth I (Dublin, 2002).

1069

TRP, III, 134136.

1070

TNA SP 12/247/98.

1071

TNA SP 12/247/66.

1072

TRP, III, 134136; Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, I, 286.

1073

TRP, III, 134136.

1074

Francis Bacon, A Collection of Apophthegms. New and Old (London, 1671), 225.

1075

TNA SP 12/249/68; SP 12/249/91.

1076

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, I, 286.

1077

TNA SP 12/247, l. 79.

1078

Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown, 43.

1079

Peter Wentworth, A pithie exhortation to her Maiestie for establishing her successor to the crowne (Edinburgh, 1598).

1080

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, II, 248.

1081

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 86.

1082

S. P. Cerasano, M. Wynne-Davies, From Myself, My Other Self I Turned, . : S. P. Cerasano, M. Wynne-Davies (comp.), Glorianas Face: Women, Public and Private in the English Renaissance (Hemel Hempstead, 1992), 124.

1083

.: Strong, Gloriana, 147.

1084

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, II, 140141.

1085

. N. Salomon, Positioning Women in Visual Convention: the case of Elizabeth I, . : B. S. Travitsky, A. F. Seeff (.), Attending to Women in Early Modern England (London, 1994), 6495; . : R. Strong, The Cult of Elizabeth: Elizabethan Portraiture and Pageantry (London, 1977).

1086

BL Add. MS 12506, l. 47, 73; BL Add. MS 12507, l. 131.

1087

Graves, Brief Memoir, 14.

1088

BL Royal, Appendix 68.

1089

CP 37105, .: HMC Salisbury, VII, 4142.

1090

LPL MS 3198, l. 552.

1091

CP 37/105, . : HMC Salisbury, VII, 4142.

1092

. 1590 .

1093

BL Lansdowne MS 62, 51, l. 123.

1094

BL Add. MS 70038/104/1r 2r.

1095

BL Add. MS 70093; , BL Lansdowne MS 62, 51, l. 123.

1096

. .: C. A. Bradford, Blanche Parry. Queen Elizabeths Gentlewoman (London, 1935).

1097

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 89.

1098

BLO Ashmole MS 1402, II, l. 4a.

1099

Rowland Vaughan, Most Approved and Long Experienced Waterworkes (1610); I. J. Atherton, Ambition and failure in Stuart England: the career of John, first Viscount Scudamore (Manchester, 1999), 28.

1100

TNA SP 12/181, 77, l. 238.

1101

CKS, U 1475/L2/4, item 3, 80.

1102

Lives of Lady Anne Clifford and of her Parents, ed. J. P. Gilson (London, 1916), 2425.

1103

TNA SP 46/125, l. 236. . : Also BL Add. MS 27401, l. 21; BL Add. MS 12406, l. 41, 80; BL Lansdowne MS 128, l. 12; CP 21/33, .: HMC Salisbury, IV, 199; CP 29/87, .: HMC Salisbury, V, 53; CP 36/46, .: HMC Salisbury, V, 481; CP 45/16, .: HMC Salisbury, VI, 402; CP 58/108, .: HMC Salisbury, IX, 21; CP 78/14, .: HMC Salisbury, X, 86.

1104

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, III, 394.

1105

TNA SP 12/271, 106, l. 171v.

1106

The Private Diary of Dr John Dee, ed. J. O. Halliwell (London, 1842), 7. .: John Southworth, Fools and Jesters at the English Court (Stroud, 1998); . : Janet Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardrobe Unlockd, 107108, 146147, 187, 214, 223.

1107

The Letters and Despatches of Richard Verstegan, ed. Petti, 5760; BL, Lansdowne MS 72, l. 48.

1108

, , , 1592 .; . : Letters and Despatches of Richard Verstegan, 9798.

1109

.: John Hungerford Pollen, Acts of English Martyrs, Hitherto Unpublished (London, 1891), 118120.

1110

George Puttenham, The Arte of English Poesie, ed. G. D. Willcock, Alice Walker (Cambridge, 1936). . : Rosemary Kegl, Those Terrible Approaches: Sexuality, Social Mobility and Resisting the Courtliness of Puttenhams The Arte of English Poesie, English Literary Renaissance 20 (1990), 179208.

1111

; .: Andre Hurault, Sieur de Maisse, A Journal of All that was Accomplished by Monsieur de Maisse, 25, 3637. , 1598 . , , : , . .: Paul Hentzners Travels in England, 34.

1112

Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, in Spenser: Poetical Works, ed. J. C. Smith, E. De Selincourt (Oxford, 1970).

1113

.: Hannah Betts, The Image of this Queene so quaynt: The Pornographic Blazon 15881603 // Julia M. Walker (comp.), Dissing Elizabeth, 161.

1114

Scillaes Metamorphosis // The Complete Works of Thomas Lodge, ed. Edmund W. Goose, in 4 vol. (1883, New York), I, 33.

1115

Shakespeare, Venus and Adonis. . : The Riverside Shakespeare, ed. G. Blakemore Evans (Boston, 1974). . : Katherine Duncan-Jones, Much Ado with Red and White: The Earliest Readers of Shakespeares Venus and Adonis (1593), Review of English Studies, n.s., 44.176 (1993), 479504.

1116

Thomas Birch, Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, in 2 vol. (London, 1754), I, 150.

1117

.: Paul E. J. Hammer, An Elizabethan Spy Who Came in from the Cold: The Return of Anthony Stranden to England in 1593, BIHR 65 (1992), 277279; L. Strachey, Elizabeth and Essex: A Tragic History (London, 1928), 27.

1118

.: Dominic Green, The Double Life of Doctor Lopez. Spies, Shakespeare and the Plot to Poison Elizabeth I (London, 2003).

1119

Godfrey Goodman, The Court of King James the First, ed. John S. Brewer, in 2 vol. (London, 1839), I, 152153.

1120

TNA SP 12/239/142; SP 12/239/150; SP 12/240/4; SP 12/240/5.

1121

CSP Foreign, 15911592, 322323.

1122

Birch, Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, 152; TNA SP 12/247/103. . : BL Add. MS 48027, l. 147r 184v.

1123

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, 281.

1124

CSP Dom, 15911594, 446.

1125

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, I, 289.

1126

HMC Salisbury, IV, 512.

1127

Edgar Samuel, Dr Rodrigo Lopes last speech from the scaffold at Tyburn, in Jewish Historical Studies, 30 (19871988), 5153.

1128

[Anon] A True Report of Sundry Horrible Conspiracies of Late Time Detected to Have (by Barbarous Murders) Taken Away the Life of the Queenes Most Excellent Maiestie Whom Almighty God Hath Miraculously Conserved Against the Treacheries of Her Rebelles, and the Violence of Her Most Puissant Enemies (London, 1594).

1129

L. Hicks, Father Robert Persons and the Book of Succession, Recusant History, . 4, 3 (1957), 104.

1130

R. Doleman, A Conference about the Next Succession to the Crown of England (Amsterdam, 1593, 1681, London), 183.

1131

.: Susan Doran, Three late-Elizabethan succession tracts // The Struggle for the Succession in Late Elizabethan England: Politics, Polemics and Cultural Representations, ed. Jean-Christophe Mayer (Montpellier, 2004), 93.

1132

Doleman, Conference about the Next Succession, 196.

1133

Doran, Three late-Elizabethan succession tracts, 95; Peter Holmes, The Authorship and Early Reception of A Conference About the Next Succession to the Crown of England, Historical Journal, 23 (1980), 415429.

1134

Susan Doran, Revenge her Foul and most Unnatural murder? The impact of Mary Stewarts execution on Anglo-Scottish relations, History, 85 (2000), 589612.

1135

13 Eliz I, 1, . : Statutes IV: 526528.

1136

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, I, 357.

1137

LPL, MS 651, l. 122r; Letters and Despatches of Richard Verstegan, 242.

1138

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, I, 362. .: Roy Strong, The Cult of Elizabeth, 209; . : Alan Young, Tudor and Jacobean Tournaments (London, 1987), 204; Paul E. J. Hammer, Upstaging the Queen: The Earl of Essex, Francis Bacon and the Accession Day celebrations of 1595 // David Bevington, Peter Holbrook (comp.), The Politics of the Stuart Court Masque (Cambridge, 1998), 4166; R. McCoy, The Rites of Knighthood: the Literature and Politics of Elizabethan Chivalry (California, 1989), ch. 1.

1139

CP 36/51, . : HMC Salisbury, V, 484.

1140

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, I, 379; HMC De LIsle and Dudley Papers II, 163.

1141

Ibid., 201202.

1142

Ibid., 203205.

1143

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, 70.

1144

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 1719, 21.

1145

LPL, MS 660, l. 149r v.

1146

Ibid., l. 281r, l. 151r.

1147

CP 55/45, . : HMC Salisbury, VII, 391.

1148

CP 55/45.

1149

BL Add. MS 22925; TNA E 351/542, M59, l. 42r.

1150

Gossip from a muniment-room: being passages in the lives of Anne and Mary Fytton, 15741618 (London, 1897), ed. Lady Newdigate-Newdegate, 911.

1151

Ibid., 3435.

1152

Ibid., 1213.

1153

Ibid., 1315.

1154

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, II, 154.

1155

Harington, Letters and Epigrams, 176.

1156

L. Ariosto, Orlando Furioso, ed. G. Waldman (Oxford, 1974); Simon Cauchi, The Setting Forth of Haringtons Ariosto, Studies in Bibliography 36 (1983), 137168; Miranda Johnson-Haddad, Englishing Ariosto: Orlando Furioso at the Court of Elizabeth I, Comparative Literature Studies, 31 (1994), 323350.

1157

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, I, 1415; Richard Townsend, Harington and Ariosto: A Study in Elizabethan Verse Translation (New Haven, 1940).

1158

John Harington, Orlando Furioso in English Heroical Verse (London, 1591). . : Nugae Antiquae, x.

1159

John Harington, A New Discourse of a Stale Subject, Called the Metamorphosis of Ajax (1596), ed. Elizabeth Story Donno (London, 1962); Jonathan Kinghorn, A Privvie in Perfection: Sir John Haringtons Water-Closet, Bath History, 1 (1986), 173188. . : Alan Stewart, The Early Modern Closet Discovered, Representations, 50 (1995), 76100.

1160

The Metamorphosis of Ajax, ed. Donno, 183.

1161

Ibid., 186.

1162

John Harington, The Letters and Epigrams of Sir John Harington Together with The Prayse of Private Life, ed. Norman Egbert McClure (Philadelphia, 1930), 165.

1163

Harington, The Metamorphosis of Ajax, 171.

1164

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, I, 239241.

1165

Ibid., II, 287.

1166

., 89: 12. (. .)

1167

Anthony Rudd, A sermon preached at Richmond before Queene Elizabeth of Famous memorie, vpon the 28 of March, 1596 (London, 1603), 4954.

1168

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, III, 8.

1169

Rudd, Sermon preached at Richmond, 54, 56.

1170

The Letters of John Chamberlain, ed. Norman Egbert McClure, in 2 vol. (Philadelphia, 1939), II, 470.

1171

John Harington, A Briefe Viewe of the State of the Church of England (London, 1653), 162.

1172

Ellis (comp.), Original Letters, II, 53.

1173

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 90.

1174

Edmund Bohun, The Character of Queen Elizabeth (London, 1693), 301303.

1175

A journal of all that was accomplished by Monsieur de Maisse, 2526.

1176

Ibid., 2526, 3637.

1177

Ibid., 3637.

1178

Ibid.

1179

Ibid., 2526.

1180

1600 . BL Stowe MS 555/2; Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardobe Unlockd, 251334.

1181

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, II, 215.

1182

Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardobe Unlockd, 45.

1183

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 155.

1184

A journal of all that was accomplished by Monsieur de Maisse, 12.

1185

Ibid., 82.

1186

TRP, II, 240241.

1187

APC 15961597, 69. .: Roy Strong, Gloriana, 20.

1188

APC 15961597, 69.

1189

Marie Axton, The Queens Two Bodies: Drama and the Elizabethan Succession (London, 1977), 12.

1190

Nanette Salomon, Positioning women in visual convention, 6495; David Howarth, Images of Rule: Art and Politics in the English Renaissance, 14851649 (Basingstoke, 1997), 101.

1191

Arnold, Queen Elizabeths Wardrobe Unlockd, 82, 85.

1192

, , -, , .

1193

Francis Bacon, A Letter Written out of England containing a True Report of a Strange Conspiracy (London, 1599); M[artin] A[rray], The Discovery and Confutation of a Tragical Fiction (Rome, 1599).

1194

.: Francis Edwards, Sir Robert Cecil, Edward Squier and the Poisoned Pommel // Recusant History, 25.3 (2001), 377414.

1195

The Letters of John Chamberlain, I, 34.

1196

TNA SP 52/62/39; TNA SP 52/62/43; TNA SP 52/62/46.

1197

APC, 15981599, 506. . : Francis Edwards (ed. and tromsl.), The Elizabethan Jesuits: Historia missionis Anglicanae Societatis Jesu (1660) of Henry More (London, 1981), 279.

1198

TNA SP 12/83, 86, 89, 91; TNA KB/8/55; Francis Bacon, A Letter Written out of England. ; ; , , The Discovery and Confutation of a Tragical Fiction, , , .

1199

TNA MS KB 8/55.

1200

Liturgies and Occasional Forms of Prayer, 679682.

1201

TNA SP 12/224/112; TNA SP 12/247/61; TNA SP 12/268/144145. . : Edwards, Sir Robert Cecil, Edward Squier, 377414.

1202

- , - -. (. .)

1203

.: James Shapiro, 1599. A Year in the Life of William Shakespeare (London, 2005). 57.

1204

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, 287.

1205

Camden, Annales, 771772.

1206

Harrison, Elizabethan Journal, 132.

1207

TNA SP 12/268/18; Birch, Memoirs of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, II, 387.

1208

TNA SP 12/268/18.

1209

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 166167.

1210

The Letters of Philip Gawdy of West Harling, Norfolk and London: 15791616, ed. Isaac Herbert Jeayes (London, 1906), 137.

1211

HMC, De LIsle, II, 265, 322.

1212

Letters of Philip Gawdy, 137.

1213

Paul Hentzners Travels in England, 3334. .: Louis Montrose, Shaping Fantasies: Figurations of Gender and Power in Elizabethan culture, Representations I, 2 (1983), 6194.

1214

Harrison (comp.), Letters of Queen Elizabeth, p. x.

1215

Devereux, Lives and Letters, II, 4041.

1216

John Stow, Edmund Howes, The Annales, or Generall Chronicle of England (London, 1615), 788.

1217

Chamberlin, Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 110.

1218

Thomas Platters Travels in England, 192.

1219

Ibid., p. x.

1220

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 127.

1221

Ibid., 196.

1222

Ibid., 129.

1223

Ibid., 132.

1224

Ibid., 151.

1225

Ibid., 158159.

1226

HMC Salisbury, VII, 167168.

1227

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 164.

1228

Ibid., 172.

1229

Ibid., 174.

1230

Birch (comp.), Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, II, 218.

1231

TNA SP 12/50.

1232

CP 81/88, .: HMC Salisbury, X, 330.

1233

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, I, 179.

1234

G. B. Harrison, A Last Elizabethan Journal: Being a Record of Those Things Most Talked of During the Years 15991603 (London, 1933), 132; Birch, Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, II, 463.

1235

BL Cotton MS Julius F VI, l. 450r, 445r 452r; TNA SP 12/278/73, l. 124r; M. James, At a Crossroads of the Political Culture: The Essex Revolt, 1601 // M. James, Society, Politics and Culture: Studies in Early Modern England (Cambridge, 1986), 416465.

1236

TNA SP 12/278/72, l. 122r.

1237

CSP Dom, 15981601, 351, 550; APC, 16001601, 147148.

1238

TNA SP 12/278/97, l. 155r 158v; A. Wall, An Account of the Essex Revolt, February 1601; BIHR 54 (1981), 131133; P. E. J. Hammer, The Smiling Crocodile: the Earl of Essex and Late Elizabethan Popularity, .: Peter Lake, Stephen Pincus (comp.), The Politics of the Public Sphere in Early Modern England (Manchester, 2007), 95115; TNA SP 12/278/72; CSP Dom, 550.

1239

TNA SP 12/278/51.

1240

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 88.

1241

CP 83/64 // HMC Salisbury, XI, 59.

1242

TRP, III, 230232.

1243

LPL MS 604, l. 70v; Howell, State Trials, I, 14051406.

1244

TNA SP 12/278, 61, l. 102; Howell, State Trials, I, 1403, 1407; LPL MS 604, l. 70v.

1245

TNA SP 12/278/61, l. 104r 106v; Howell, State Trials, I, 14031415; LPL MS 604, l. 70v.

1246

TNA SP 12/278/101, l. 168r v.

1247

CSP Dom, 15981601, 577. .: Paul E. J. Hammer, The Earl of Essexs Apprehension, Arraignment and Execution, February 1601, . : Jayne Archer, Elizabeth Clarke, Elizabeth Goldring (comp.), Court and Culture in the Reign of Queen Elizabeth I: A New Critical Edition of John Nicholss The Progresses of Queen Elizabeth I, in 4 vol. (London, 2008); Howell, State Trials, I, 1346.

1248

Francis Bacon, A Declaration of the Practises & Treasons Attempted and Committed by Robert Late Earle of Essex and his Complices, against Her Majestie and Her Kingdoms and of The Proceedings as Well at the Arraignments & Convictions of the Said Late Earle, and His Adherents, as After: Together with the Very Confessions and Other Parts of the Evidences Themselves, Word for Word Taken out of the Originals (London, 1601).

1249

A. Hunt, Tuning the Pulpits: The Religious Context of the Essex Revolt, .: L. A. Ferrell, P. McCullough (comp.), The English Sermon Revised: Religion, Literature and History, 15001700 (Manchester, 2000), 86114; Peter McCullough, Sermons at Court: Politics and Religion in Elizabethan and Jacobean Preaching (Cambridge, 1997); M. James, At a Crossroads of the Political Culture: The Essex Revolt 1601 // James, Society, Politics and Culture, 416465.

1250

TNA SP 12/278/104, l. 207r, An abstract out of the Erle of Essex confession.

1251

BLO Tanner MS 114, l. 139, . : Goodman, Court of King James I, 1819.

1252

TNA SP 12/278/104, l. 207r. , .

1253

W. Barlow, A Sermon Preached at Paules Crosse, on the First Sunday in Lent 1600 with a Short Discourse of the Late Earle of Essex His Confession and Penitence, Before and At the Time of His Death (1601), fig. B5v. , , .: CSP Dom, 15981601, 598599.

1254

Barlow, A Sermon Preached at Paules Crosse, fig. E1.

1255

TNA SP 12/278/63; Barlow, A Sermon Preached at Paules Crosse; Francis Bacon, A Declaration of the Practises & Treasons Attempted and Committed by Robert Late Earle of Essex.

1256

TRP, III, 233234.

1257

Von Raumer, Contributions, 451452.

1258

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 84, 87; I, 206.

1259

HMC De LIsle; . : Dudley Papers, 472; Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 84, 87; I, 236.

1260

CP 58/108, . : HMC Salisbury, IX, 21.

1261

McClure (comp.), Letters and Epigrams, 90.

1262

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, 315.

1263

TNA SP 12/278, l. 151; TNA SP 12/278, l. 246; . : Harington, Letters and Epigrams, 389.

1264

J. E. Neale, Elizabeth I and her Parliaments, 15841601 (London, 1957), 375; Chamberlain, Private Character of Queen Elizabeth, 73; David Dalrymple (comp.), The Secret Correspondence of Sir Robert Cecil with James VI, King of Scotland (Edinburgh, 1766), 26.

1265

The Journal of Sir Roger Wilbraham for the years 15931616, ed. Harold Spencer Scott (London, 1902), X, p. 45.

1266

CP 88/89, . : HMC Salisbury, XI, 405; Helen Hackett, Virgin Mother, Maiden Queen: Elizabeth I and the Cult of the Virgin Mary (London, 1995), 211213.

1267

CP 88/89.

1268

The Journal of Sir Roger Wilbraham, 45; BL Cotton MS Titus C VI, l. 410411.

1269

CSP Dom, 15801625, Addenda, 407.

1270

Godfrey Goodman, The Court of King James the First, I, 97.

1271

Collins (comp.), Letters and Memorials of State, II, 362.

1272

John Bruce, Correspondence of King James VI of Scotland (London, 1861), 13.

1273

The Secret correspondence of Sir Robert Cecil with James VI, 62; Joel Hurstfield, The Succession Struggle in late Elizabethan England // S. T. Bindoff, Joel Hurtsfield, C. H. Williams, Elizabethan Government and Society (Cambridge, 1961), 369396.

1274

CP 169102; CSP Dom, 16011602, 37.

1275

.: David Durant, Arbella Stuart: a rival to the Queen (London, 1978).

1276

Thomas Wilson, The State of England Anno Dom. 1600, ed. E. J. Fisher (London, 1936), 5.

1277

John Manningham, The Diary of John Manningham of the Middle Temple 16021603 (Hanover, New Hampshire, 1976), 194.

1278

H. Foley, Records of the English Province of the Society of Jesus, in 7 vol. (London, 18751883) I, 24.

1279

H. Foley, Records of the English Province, I, 2122.

1280

Ibid.

1281

Ibid., 21.

1282

Ibid., 24.

1283

Raumer, Contributions, 451.

1284

.: Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, II, 578.

1285

CSP Dom, 16011602, 232.

1286

H. Foley, Records of the English Province, I, 47, 50. , , , , , .

1287

Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, III, 577; The Letters of John Chamberlain, I, 115, 139. Raumer, Contributions, 450. . : TNA Baschet MS, Bundle 33, 260.

1288

De Maisse, A Journal of All that was Accomplished by Monsieur de Maisse, 95.

1289

. : Strickland, Elizabeth, IV, 762.

1290

Diary of the Journey of the Duke of Stettin-Pomerania, 167.

1291

Lodge (comp.), Illustrations of British History, II, 577.

1292

Manninghams diary, 150; H. Foley, Records of the English Province, I, 52.

1293

H. Foley, Records of the English Province, I, 52.

1294

Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown.

1295

Harington, Nugae Antiquae, II, 76.

1296

Ibid., 7779.

1297

Ibid., I, 322323.

1298

Ibid., I, 321.

1299

Ibid., I, 320324.

1300

Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown, 51.

1301

Ibid.

1302

.: The Letters of John Chamberlain, 179180.

1303

Ibid., 188.

1304

The Letters of John Chamberlain, 182.

1305

HMC Salisbury, XII, 670.

1306

Raumer, Contributions, 454.

1307

The Diary of Lady Anne Clifford, ed. Vita Sackville West (London, 1923), 3; CSP Ven, 15921603, 529, 531532.

1308

CSP Ven, 15921603, 531532.

1309

Ibid., 532.

1310

Ibid., 533; Katherine Duncan-Jones, Almost Always Smiling: Elizabeths last two years, .: Resurrecting Elizabeth I in Seventeenth Century England, ed. Elizabeth H. Hageman Katherine Conway (Madison and Teaneck, 2007), 3147.

1311

CSP Ven, 15921603, 533.

1312

Ibid., 529.

1313

CP 92/80.

1314

William Camden, Annales, 26.

1315

The Letters of Philip Gawdy, 126.

1316

Raumer, Contributions, 455.

1317

CP 92/18, . : HMC Salisbury, XII, 667.

1318

CP 183/148, . : HMC Salisbury, XII, 668.

1319

CSP Dom, 16011603, 301.

1320

Ibid., 298.

1321

Raumer, Contributions, 456.

1322

CSP Dom, 16011603, 298.

1323

John Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 96.

1324

The Letters of Lady Arbella Stuart, ed. Sara Jayne Steen (Oxford, 1994), 158175.

1325

CSP Ven, 15921603, 554.

1326

CSP Foreign, 16011603, 302.

1327

HMC Rutland, 387.

1328

Wright, Queen Elizabeth and her Times, II, 494.

1329

CSP Ven, 15921603, 563.

1330

Raumer, Contributions, 456457.

1331

CSP Dom, 16011603, 302.

1332

Ibid.

1333

Birch, Memoirs of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth, II, 507.

1334

The Death of Queene Elizabeth, .: BL Cotton MS Titus C vii 57, l. 1.

1335

Raumer, Contributions, 457.

1336

John Stow, A Summarie of the Chronicles of England (London, 1604), 439.

1337

CP 92/22.

1338

HMC Rutland, 388.

1339

Ibid.

1340

Bruce, Correspondence of King James VI of Scotland (London, 1861), 73; Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 104.

1341

CSP Ven, 15921603, 558.

1342

CSP Ven, 16011603, 7.

1343

The Memoirs of Robert Carey, ed. F. H. Mares (Oxford, 1972), 58.

1344

Ibid.

1345

Ibid.

1346

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 99100.

1347

CSP Dom, 16011603, 303.

1348

William Weston, The Autobiography of an Elizabethan, ed. md transl Philip Caraman (London, 1955), 222.

1349

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 99.

1350

The Diary of John Manningham, 205.

1351

The Letters of John Chamberlain, 189; Raumer, Contributions, 458.

1352

The Memoirs of Robert Carey, 59.

1353

Ibid.

1354

Raumer, Contributions, 457458.

1355

Elizabeth Southwell, A True Relation Stonyhurst Manuscript Ang, iii, Archivum Britannicum Societatis Iesu (London, 1607), . : Catherine Loomis, Elizabeth Southwells Manuscript Account of the death of Queen Elizabeth, English Literary Renaissance 26.3 (1996), 485.

1356

Ibid., 482509.

1357

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 96.

1358

The Diary of John Manningham, 207.

1359

; The Memoirs of Robert Carey, 5960.

1360

The Memoirs of Robert Carey, 99; , , , , . BL Cotton MS Titus C vii 57, . , : Birch, Memoirs of Reign of Elizabeth, II, 508.

1361

The Memoirs of Robert Carey, 60.

1362

Ibid., 5961.

1363

The Diary of John Manningham, 208.

1364

James F. Larkin, Paul L. Hughes (comp.), Stuart Royal Proclamations, in 2 vol. (Oxford, 1973), I, 12; Nichols (comp.), The Progresses, Processions and Magnificent Festivities of King James the First, in 4 vol. (London, 1828), I, 2531.

1365

Robert Carey, The True Narration of the Entertainment of his Royall Majestie (London, 1603), 61.

1366

The Memoirs of Robert Carey, 9.

1367

The Diary of John Manningham, 208209.

1368

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 99.

1369

James V. Ricci, The Genealogy of Gynaecology (Philadelphia, 1950), 230.

1370

Ben Jonson, Conversations with William Drummond of Hawthornden, .: The Complete Poems, comp. George Parfitt (London, 1975), 459480 (. 470). . .: Murdin, Burghleys State Papers, 558560.

1371

Harington, A Tract on the Succession to the Crown, 3941.

1372

Ibid.

1373

CSP Ven, 16031607, 3.

1374

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 190.

1375

TNA E351/3145, l. 22ff, 25; TNA LC 2/4/4/2r.

1376

TNA E531/3145, l. 25.

1377

The Diary of John Manningham, 223.

1378

Catherine Loomis, Elizabeth Southwells Manuscript Account, 485; K. A. Cregan, Early modern anatomy and the Queens body natural: The sovereign subject // Body & Society 13.2 (2007), 4766; K. A. Cregan, The Theatre of the Body. Staging Death and Embodying Life in Early Modern England (Turnhort, Belgium, 2009).

1379

, , , , , .

1380

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 110.

1381

Ibid., 111; TNA E351/3145, l. 22ff, 25; TNA LC 2/4/4/2r.

1382

The Diary of Lady Anne Clifford, 4.

1383

Catherine Loomis, Elizabeth Southwells Manuscript Account, 485.

1384

VIII . (. .)

1385

Robert Persons, The Judgment of a Catholicke English-man, Living in Banishment for His Religion (St Omer, 1608).

1386

Ibid., 2643.

1387

Ibid., 3132.

1388

Robert Persons, A Discussion of the Answere of M. William Barlow (St Omer, 1612), 220228.

1389

Nigel Llewellyn, The Royal Body: Monuments to the Dead, For the Living, .: Renaissance Bodies, Gent, Llewellyn (comp.), 218240. .: R. E. Giesey, The Royal Funeral Ceremony in Renaissance France (Geneva, 1960), 19, 145.

1390

CSP Ven, 16031607, 22. .: W. St J. Hope, On the Funeral Effigies of the Kings and Queens of England // Archaeologist, LX (1907), 517570. 10 , , , , (TNA LC2/4 (4), l. 20). 15 , , , , (LC2/4(4), l. 11). , , , , : , , (Ibid., l. 11v). . : Anthony Harvey and Richard Mortimer, The Funeral Effigies of Westminster Abbey (Woodbridge, 1994).

1391

CSP Ven, 16031607, 3.

1392

Jennifer Woodward, The Theatre of Death: The Ritual Management of Royal Funerals in Renaissance England, 15701625 (Woodbridge, 1997), 129.

1393

W. Rye, England as seen by Foreigners (London, 1865), 164; Clare Gittings, Death, Burial and the Individual in Early Modern England (London, 1984), 223. , ; 6 13 4 , , , , .

1394

.: D. R. Woolf, Two Elizabeths? James I and the Late Queens Famous Memory, Canadian Journal of History, 20 (1985), 167191.

1395

Stow, The Annales, 813.

1396

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 110; CSP Dom, 16031616, 9.

1397

CSP Ven, 16031607, 23.

1398

TNA LC 5/37; TNA LC 2/4/4, l. 19.

1399

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 144.

1400

Ibid., 111; .: TNA LC 2/4/4; E 351/3145; BL Add. MS 35324, l. 2639; BL Cotton MS Faustina E I, . Nichols (comp.), Progresses of Queen Elizabeth, III, 620626.

1401

Ibid.

1402

Henry Cheetle, Englands Mourning Garment (London, 1603), fig. F2r.

1403

Ibid., fig. F2r.

1404

Stow, The Annales, 815.

1405

Thomas Dekker, The Wonderful Year, 1603, ed. George B. Harrison (New York, 1924).

1406

Clapham, Elizabeth of England, 114115.

1407

The Letters of Philip Gawdy, 128.

1408

CSP Ven, 16031607, 41.

1409

Ibid., 22, 24, 41; Henry Cheetle, The Order and Proceedings at the Funeral of Elizabeth (1603).

1410

CSP Ven, 16011603, 41.

1411

Thomas Millington, The True Narration of the Entertainment of his Majesty from his departure from Edinburgh till his receiving at London, .: Stuart Tracts 16031693, ed. C. H. Frith (New York, 1964), 15.

1412

1606 . : 46 4 , Westminster Abbey archives.

1413

20 1613 . , BLO, Ashmole MS 836, l. 277.

1414

.: Julia M. Walker, The Elizabeth Icon, 16032003 (New York, 2004).

1415

.: Richard Burt, Doing the Queen: Gender, Sexuality and Censorship of Elizabeth Is Royal Image from Renaissance Portraiture to Twentieth-Century Mass Media // Andrew Hadfield (comp.), Literature and Censorship in Renaissance England (London, 2001), 207.

1416

Julia M. Walker, Reading the Tombs of Elizabeth I, English Literary Renaissance, 26:3 (1996), 510530; Bones of Contention: Posthumous Images of Elizabeth and Stuart Politics, .: Julia M. Walker (comp.), Dissing Elizabeth.

1417

Thomas Newton, Atropoion Delion (London, 1603), fig. A3r.

1418

Ibid., fig. B4v.

1419

Purit-Anus (1609).

1420

Francis Osbourne, Traditional Memoirs on the Reign of Queen Elizabeth and King James (London, 1658).

1421

The Secret History of the Most Renowned Queen Elizabeth and the Earl of Essex (London, 1680).

1422

John Banks, The Unhappy Favourite, ed. Thomas Marshall Howe Blair (New York, 1939).

1423

Frasers Magazine for Town and Country, 48 (1853), 376.

1424

Charles Kingsley, Sir Walter Raleigh and His Time // Plays and Puritans and Other Historical Essays (London, 1873), 123.

1425

John Neale, Queen Elizabeth I (London, 1934).

1426

W. C. Sellar, R. J. Yeatman, 1066 and All That (London, 1930), 59.

1427

., .: S. Cunliffe-Owen, The Phoenix and the Dove (London, 1930).

1428

Lytton Strachey, Elizabeth and Essex: A Tragic History (London, 1928).

1429

Philip Reed (comp.), Letters from a Life: The Selected Letters of Benjamin Britton, volume four, 19521957 (Woodbridge, 2008), 150.

1430

Jean Plaidy, Queen of this Realm: The Story of Elizabeth I (London, 1983); Philippa Gregory, The Virgins Lover (London, 2010).

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(Anna Whitelock) .

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